Doris Wiener Gallery, New York 
From 1966 to 2001
Ralph Benkaim (1914-2001), Beverly Hills, California, purchased from Doris Wiener Gallery, New York in June 1966 
From 2001 to 2018
Catherine Glynn Benkaim, Beverly Hills, California, by inheritance from Ralph Benkaim in 2001
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, partial gift and purchase from Catherine Glynn Benkaim
 Ralph Benkaim purchased the painting from Doris Wiener Gallery, New York in June 1966, several years before Indian paintings were classified as antiquities by the Indian government, according to his personal records, as relayed by Catherine Glynn Benkaim.
 See note 1.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Doris Wiener Gallery
Ralph (1914-2001) and Catherine Benkaim
Catherine Glynn Benkaim
Just as the sun sets over the trees, Krishna teases the gopis by demanding they pay him a toll in order to cross the Yamuna River. Krishna says that he will only take the milk the gopis carry in the small pots on their heads and playfully tries to grab one. Twisting away from - but also turning towards - the blue-skinned god, the milkmaids refuse to give up the milk that they had planned to sell the milk at market. After playfully arguing all night, Krishna finally wins the debate in the morning. The gopis surrender not only the milk, but also their bodies and minds into the service of the god.
The episode unfolds in a grove by the Yamuna river, which appears, lotus-filled and swirling, in the foreground. At the upper right, the setting sun is a spiky red form. The artist created a verdant setting with flowering trees, but also left the ground between the two central trees red, a stylistic decision that harkens back to earlier painting (such as the Chawand Ragamala, ca 1605, F1991.1) and draws the viewer's attention to Krishna.
The composition represents a shift from pre-Mughal conventions. The artist broke the planarity of earlier compositions by placing the feet of the three figures at different levels, and twisting their bodies, which gives a sense of movement through space.
- Collection Area(s)
- South Asian and Himalayan Art
- SI Usage Statement
Usage Conditions Apply
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
Usage Conditions Apply
Chrome users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."
Internet Explorer users: right click on icon, select "save target as..."
Mozilla Firefox users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."
International Image Interoperability Framework
IIIF Manifest Data/Viewers