Mountain Landscape in the style of Shiqi (1612-ca.1673)

Artist: Zhang Daqian 張大千 (China, 1899-1983)
Historical period(s)
Modern period, 1930s
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 121.4 x 4.5 cm (47 13/16 x 1 3/4 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Yonfan, Hong Kong
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

China, landscape, Modern period (1912 - present), mountain, waterfall, WWII-era provenance

Unknown collector, Germany [1]

Sale, Sotheby's, New York, sale #6479, June 2, 1993, lot no. 94 [2]

To 1993
Manshih Yonfan, Hong Kong, to 1993

From 1993
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, given by Yon Fan in 1993


[1] This painting was sold at Sotheby's New York on June 2, 1993, lot 94 (sale #6479). Laura Whitman (formerly, Whitman Provost) of Sotheby's reported to Fu Shen in a fax dated September 21, 1993, "we have received the information that you requested from the consignor regarding the provenance of the Zhang Daqian painting. The painting was apparently in a vast European collection, assembled by the collector for the most part during the 1940s and 1950s. Although there is no specific information regarding this particular painting, it would have been in the collector's possession in Germany since well before 1973" (according to Provenance Record 1, entered by Jan Stuart, October 16, 2001, in the object record).

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Sotheby's (New York)
Manshih Yonfan


This is an early landscape by Chang Dai-chien, who was influenced by Qing dynasty (1644--1911) masters at the beginning of his career. In contrast, Chang's late, personal style is represented by the lotus screen on view to the right. The young Chang Dai-chien enjoyed the challenge of re-creating the textured and moist brushwork associated with the seventeenth-century painter Shiqi, better known as Kuncan, whose landscapes were the model for this painting. Chang Dai-chien added a verse written by the poet Zhang  Wentao (1764--1814) to complete the painting.

Chang sometimes liked to test his artistic prowess by copying old masters, such as Kuncan, to see if he could pass his work off as an original. But for this painting, Chang wanted to reinterpret the style of Kuncan in his own idiom. Through the study and transformation of past artists, Chang gradually created an independent style of painting.

Published References
  • Sotheby's New York Catalogue. New York, June 2, 1993. lot 94.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Whistler's Neighborhood
Google Cultural Institute
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