Portrait of Chunying, Prince Rui (1761 – 1800)

Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, Jiaqing reign, 1796
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 121.7 x 72.8 cm (47 15/16 x 28 11/16 in) H x W (overall): 282 x 107.5 cm (111 x 42 5/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program and partial gift of Richard G. Pritzlaff
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

China, Jiaqing reign (1796 - 1820), portrait, prince, Pritzlaff collection, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable

A three-quarter length pose signals that this is an informal portrait of Chunying. The inscriptions added by contemporaries reveal that the portrait was probably commissioned during the sitter's lifetime to share with his friends and colleagues. The prince's yellow jacket (magua) could only be worn with imperial permission; the three-eyed peacock feather in his hat similarly attests to high honor. The Buddhist rosary in Prince Rui's hands perhaps alludes to a spiritual aspect of his life.

Published References
  • Jan Stuart, Evelyn S. Rawski. Worshiping the Ancestors: Chinese Commemorative Portraits. Exh. cat. Washington and Stanford. p. 147, fig. 6.2.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.