Historical period(s)
Eastern Zhou dynasty, 200-300 BCE
H x W x D: 16.3 x 16.3 x 0.4 cm (6 7/16 x 6 7/16 x 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object: disk (bi)

China, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), WWII-era provenance

Max Loehr (1903–1988) Munich, Germany then Ann Arbor, Michigan then Boston, Massachusetts [1]

To 1964
Frank Caro Chinese Art, New York, NY [2]

1964 to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York, purchased Frank Caro on August 27, 1984 [3]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler in 1987 [4]


[1] According to information provided by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 9, 2009. Max Loehr was an art historian who specialized in Chinese Art. He held positions at the Museum of Five Continents in Munich, the Sino-German Center for Research Promotion in Beijing, Tisinghua University in Beijing, the University of Michigan, and at Harvard University.

[2] See Jade List, December 6, 1965, prepared by Frank Caro Chinese Art for Arthur M. Sackler, copy in object file. According to information provided by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 9, 2009, Arthur M. Sackler purchased the jade in December 1965.

[3] See note 2.

[4] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Max Loehr 1903-1988
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
Frank Caro Chinese Art 1962-1980

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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