Qianlong Emperor (1711–1799), Forbidden City, China 
Prince Pulun, Senior Grandson of Daoguang Emperor, Forbidden City, China 
By 1924 to at least 1952
C.T. Loo & Company, New York, NY (later operating as Frank Caro Chinese Art, New York, NY) 
Early 1960s to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York, NY likely purchased from Frank Caro Chinese Art in New York during the early 1960s 
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift from Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 
 See: Chen Mengjia, Yin Zhou qing tong qi fen lei tu lu. Dongjing: Ji gu shu wu, 1977), 14 (this publication is also known by it’s Japanese title, In Shū seidōki bunrui zuroku).
 See note 1.
 See: C.T. Loo, Appartenant à C.T. Loo et Cie (Paris et Bruxelles: Libraire Nationale d’Art et d’Histoire, 1924), plate XIV. Frank Caro, C.T. Loo's associate, acquired C.T. Loo & Company’s stock after liquidation of the firm in 1952. While the sale of the American stock was announced and planned for 1950, it was not until September 1, 1952 that Loo liquidated his stock and Frank Caro took over C.T. Loo & Company’s holdings, which in the 1960s, he operated as Frank Caro Chinese Art.The inventory accompanying Arthur M. Sackler’s 1987, foundational gift notes the dealer number as E-5031. After Caro assumed control of daily operations at C.T. Loo & Company, he introduced a new inventory system, assigning “E” stock numbers to objects that had been in C.T. Loo’s stock before 1952. Because Sackler purchased this object with an “E” stock number, he likely purchased this bronze after Loo’s retirement.
 See note 3. Arthur M. Sackler purchased several bronzes from Frank Caro Chinese Art (formerly C.T. Loo & Company) in 1964. It is possible that this bronze was part of that large purchase.
 Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.
- Previous Owner(s)
Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 1711-1799, reigned 1735-1796
Pulun 1874 - 1927
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
C.T. Loo & Company active 1915-1962
- Published References
- Dawn Ho Delbanco. Art From Ritual: Ancient Chinese Bronze Vessels from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Exh. cat. Washington. cat. 40, pp. 104-105.
- et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 123, p. 185.
- Jessica Rawson. Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. 2 Washington and Cambridge, MA. cat. 1, pp. 216-219.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum