Statue of standing male figure

Historical period(s)
Kingdom of Qataban, ca. 1st century BCE
Medium
Calcite travertine
Dimensions
H x W x D: 41.2 x 14.8 x 10.8 cm (16 1/4 x 5 13/16 x 4 1/4 in)
Geography
Yemen
Credit Line
Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn to the Smithsonian Institution
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1986.513
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Sculpture, Stone
Type

Statue

Keywords
Kingdom of Qataban (ca. 500 BCE - 100 CE), man, WWII-era provenance, Yemen
Provenance

To 1965
André Emmerich Gallery, New York. [1]

From 1965 to 1966
Joseph H. Hirshhorn (1899-1981), purchased from André Emmerich Gallery, New York. [2]

From 1966 to 1986
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn. [3]

From 1986
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, transferred from Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC [4]

Notes:

[1] See document from the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, object file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] See note 1. See also object file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s)

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
André Emmerich Gallery
Joseph H. Hirshhorn

Label

A number of similar statues have been excavated at Timna', the ancient capital of the kingdom of Qatab¯an (ca. 500-100 B.C.E.), located in what is now Yemen at the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula.  The inscription on the front of the statue base, written in ancient South Arabian script, gives the personal name of the figure depicted.  Funerary monuments like this one commemorated the deceased, whose name was often carved at the base of the statue.

Qatab¯an was one of several kingdoms that prospered in antiquity as they gained control over the caravan trade routes across the Arabian peninsula. Frankincense and myrrh, prized products of the southern peninsula, were transported along the trade routes to Mediterranean markets. 

Published References
  • Ray L. Cleveland. An Ancient South Arabian Necropolis: Objects from the Second Campaign (1951) in the Timna' Cemetery. Publications of the American Foundation for the Study of Man, vol. 4 Baltimore. .
  • Paolo M. Costa. Pre-Islamic Antiquities in the Yemen National Museum. Rome. .
  • Leon Legrain. Archaeological Notes in the Land of the Queen of Sheba. vol. 38, no. 3 Boston, July - September 1934. .
  • Jacqueline Pirenne. Notes d'archeologie sud-Arabe. vol. XXXVIII. .
  • Carlo Conti Rossini. Dalle Rovine di Ausan. pp. 727-754.
Collection Area(s)
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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