Shah Tahmasp (reigned 1524-1576), Persia 
From at least 1558
Akbar (reigned 1556-1605), India, from at least 1558 
Mughal Imperial Library 
From at least 1644
Jahan-ara, daughter of Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658), from at least 1644 
Marquis of Bute, England 
The Art and History Trust, Liechtenstein, to 1998
Freer Gallery of Art, given by the Art and History Trust in 1998 
 According to Curatorial Note 1, Massumeh Farhad, March 16, 1998, in the object record.
 See note 1.
 See note 1.
 See note 1. Shah-Jahan, was the grandson of Akbar.
 According to Curatorial Note 3 in the object record.
 The Art and History Trust was established in 1991 by Abolala Soudavar and his family of distinguished bibliophiles. Gathered over a period of some thirty years, the collection is presently on long-term loan to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. However, this particular manuscript was given in honor of Ezzat-Malek Soudavar to the Freer Gallery of Art on the occasion of its seventy-fifth anniversary (see Curatorial Note 3, Massumeh Farhad, August 18, 1998, in the object record).
- Previous Owner(s)
The Art and History Trust
Mughal Imperial Library
Shah Tahmasp 1524 - 1576
Akbar reigned 1556-1605
A contemporary of the artist Govardhan, Payag created works that stand out for their somber palette and dramatic lighting effects. Inspired by European chiaroscuro (light and dark) technique, Payag masterfully adapted this artistic device to Mughal manuscript paintings. In this Gulistan illustration, the threatening sky and dark hillside heighten the intensity of the narrative moment in which the legendary Greek physician Galen watches in despair as a fool attacks a learned man.
- Published References
- Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 148-151.
- Abolala Soudavar Milo Cleveland Beach. Art of the Persian Court: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York. cat. 136, pp. 337.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum