Historical period(s)
Pala-Sena dynasty, ca. 1150
Medium
Phyllite
Dimensions
H x W x D: 53 x 38 x 28 cm (20 7/8 x 14 15/16 x 11 in)
Geography
Bangladesh, India
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1990.9
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Sculpture, Stone
Type

Sculpture

Keywords
Bangladesh, eagle, Garuda, halo, India, lotus, Pala-Sena dynasty (750 - 1100), WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance research underway.
Label

Garuda, the divine eagle, is the god Vishnu's vehicle. Depicted here in human form, Garuda's avian qualities are reflected in his wings and beaklike nose, the tip of which is broken off.  Garuda kneels on one knee on a double lotus pedestal, and his palms are joined in a gesture of adoration of his master.  He is richly adorned, as befits one of his stature, and wears a crown that holds in place a halo-like double row of ringlets.  This double-sided sculpture originally surmounted a freestanding pillar in front of a shrine dedicated to Vishnu.

Published References
  • Jane Anne Casey. Medieval Sculpture from Eastern India: Selections From the Nalin Collection. Livingston, New Jersey. cat. 59, p. 89.
  • Susan L. Huntington, John C. Huntington. Leaves from the Bodhi Tree: The Art of Pala India (8th-12th centuries) and Its International Legacy. Exh. cat. Seattle, London, and Dayton, Ohio. pp. 147-8, fig. 22.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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