Harvesting knife (hu) with dragons

Historical period(s)
Eastern Zhou dynasty, 5th-4th century BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D (overall): 19.2 x 6.7 x 0.5 cm (7 9/16 x 2 5/8 x 3/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1968.38
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: harvesting knife (hu)

Keywords
China, dragon, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), nephrite, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

From at least 1929 to 1968
Eugene Meyer (1875-1959) and Agnes E. Meyer (1887-1970), New York, Washington, DC, and Mt. Kisco, NY, from at least January 12, 1929 [1]

From 1968
Freer Gallery of Art, given by Agnes E. Meyer in 1968 [2]

Notes:

[1] Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer lent the jade to an exhibition in Berlin in 1929, see Ausstellung Chinesischer Kunst Veranstaltet von der Gesellschaft für Ostasiatische Kunst und der Preußischen Akademie der Künste Berlin, exh. cat. (January 12 – April 2, 1929), cat. 222 (ill.).

[2] See Agnes E. Meyer’s Deed of Gift, dated July 24, 1967, where the object is listed as no. 23 in the document’s Annex, copy in object file. The object was accessioned to the Freer Gallery’s collection in 1968.

Previous Owner(s)

Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer (1875-1959) and (1887-1970)

Published References
  • Hai wai i chen [Chinese Art in Overseas Collections]. Taipei, 1985. vol. 3: p. 37.
  • Chugoku bijutsu [Chinese Art in Western Collections]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. vol. 4: fig. 102.
  • Alfred Salmony. Carved Jade of Ancient China. Berkeley, 1938. pl. LX.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 17, vol. 1: p. 155.
  • Thomas Lawton. Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer Memorial Exhibition. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 7, pp. 14-15.
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 105, pp. 158.
  • Jenny F. So. Eastern Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. 3 New York, 1995. p. 393, fig. 80.5.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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