Maker(s)
Artist: Kao (fl. ca. 1300-1350)
Historical period(s)
Muromachi period, 14th century
School
Muromachi Suiboku
Medium
Ink on paper
Dimensions
H x W (image): 104.5 × 31.1 cm (41 1/8 × 12 1/4 in)
Geography
Japan
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1960.23
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Type

Hanging scroll

Keywords
Japan, kakemono, Muromachi period (1333 - 1573), poet, portrait, WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Label

The Chinese poet Hanshan, whose name literally means "Cold Mountain," is known in Japanese as Kanzan and is often depicted in Zen Buddhist paintings.  In this painting, Hanshan is shown in profile, nearly turning his back to the viewer in a pose that expresses his reclusive nature. The artist Kao was one of the earliest Japanese artists to assimilate the methods and subjects of Chinese ink painting.  His informal, spontaneous brushwork focuses on the spirit of Hanshan.

Published References
  • Zaigai hiho [(Japanese Paintings in Western Collections]. 3 vols., Tokyo. vol. 2: pt. II, p. 99.
  • Great Drawings of All Time. 4 vols., New York. pl. 912.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 23, vol. 2: p. 160.
  • Hugo Munsterberg. Zen and Oriental Art. Rutland, Vermont and Tokyo. p. 74.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 109.
  • Penelope Mason, (Revised by) Donald Dinwiddie. History of Japanese Art., 2nd Edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. p. 221, fig. 255.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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