Buddha Bhaisajyaguru (Yao shih fo)

Historical period(s)
Northern Wei dynasty, Period of Division, ca. 500
Gilt bronze
H x W x D: 12.8 × 4.2 × 3.7 cm (5 1/16 × 1 5/8 × 1 7/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Sculpture

Buddhist sculpture

abhaya mudra, Buddha Bhaisajyaguru, Buddhism, casting, China, gilding, Northern Wei dynasty (386 - 534), Period of Division (220 - 589), WWII-era provenance

Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (1871-1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island. [1]

From at least 1944 to 1945
Tonying and Company, New York from at least March 8, 1944. [2]

From 1945
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Tonying and Company, New York on May 24, 1945. [3]


[1] See A. G. Wenley’s letter to C. F. Yau, Tonying and Co., dated May 22, 1945, copy in object file, in which Wenley confirms acquisition of the sculpture and states that it came from Mrs. Christian R. Holmes’s collection.

[2] See “List of Objects Contemplated for Purchase by the Freer Gallery of Art,” approved by the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution on March 8, 1944, copy in object file.

[3] See Tonying & Company’s invoice, dated May 24, 1945, in which the object figures under no. B. 11: “Gilt Bronze figure of Buddha, standing on Lotus Pedestal / Six Dynasties,” copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871 - 1941

Published References
  • Hugo Munsterberg. Chinese Buddhist Bronzes., 1st ed. Tokyo and Rutland, VT. pl. 28.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum