Ellis Monroe, New York. 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Ellis Monroe, New York. 
 Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record. Also see correspondences between Jan W.A. Kleijkamp, Ellis Monroe, and A.G. Wenley in the object file, Collections Management Office. In a letter dated June 3, 1944 written by Jan W.A. Kleijkamp to the director, A.G. Wenley states: ““The Pitcairn collection” was, as you know, a joint venture of Mr. Monroe and myself. As Mr. Monroe is handling the finances in regard to our venture, he will send a bill”…, copy of letter in the object file.
 See note 1.
- Previous Owner(s)
The aloof grace and lean proportions of this image of the historical Buddha are typical of sixth-century Chinese sculpture. The naturalistic drapery and hints of anatomical modeling, however, suggest a date closer to the seventh century. Layers of lacquer-impregnated fabric were draped over a clay core and covered with a lacquer-based paste that was modeled to create the details. After the lacquer dried, the clay core was removed, leaving a lightweight, durable shell that was painted and embellished with gold. This technique of work is called "dry lacquer."
- Published References
- Chugoku bijutsu [Chinese Art in Western Collections]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. vol. 3: pl. 76.
- Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 83, vol. 1: p. 173.
- Grace Dunham Guest, Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 7.
- Alexander Coburn Soper. Literary Evidence for Early Buddhist Art in China. vol. 9 Washington and Zurich. pp. 19-21.
- Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 43.
- Paths to Perfection, Buddhist Art at the Freer/Sackler. Washington. pp. 44-45.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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