Clay: soft, firm, buff.
Glaze: opaque, white.
Decoration: in polychrome enamels, over glaze. Inscriptions.

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Historical period(s)
Saljuq period, early 13th century
Stone-paste painted over glaze with enamel (mina'i)
H x W x D: 11.1 x 47.8 x 47.8 cm (4 3/8 x 18 13/16 x 18 13/16 in)
Iran, Kashan
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 04: Engaging the Senses
Ceramic, Vessel


Iran, Saljuq period (1037 - 1300)

To 1943
Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc., New York to 1943 [1]

From 1943
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc., New York in 1943 [2]


[1] See Freer Gallery or Art Purchase List after 1920, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc.


Clay: soft, firm, buff.
Glaze: opaque, white.
Decoration: in polychrome enamels, over glaze. Inscriptions.

Published References
  • The Cambridge World History of Violence, Volume II 500-1500 CE. The Cambridge World History of Violence, vol. 2 Cambridge, United Kingdom, May 21, 2020. P. 586, Fig. 28.5.
  • Roy P. Mottahedeh, Majid Montazer Mahdi. Cities of Medieval Iran. Leiden, 2021. Cover.
  • Historical Development of Islam. .
  • Richard Ettinghausen, Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. vols. 2, 5: pp. 1603-1604, pls. 674, 675.
  • Oriental Ceramics: The World's Great Collections. 12 vols., Tokyo. vol. 10, pl. 292.
  • David Nicolle. Islamische Waffen. Kleine Islamische Reihe Graz, Austria. pl. 11.
  • Arthur Lane. Early Islamic Pottery: Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Persia. Faber Monographs on Pottery and Porcelain London. pl. 70c.
  • Ilonka Karasz. Inspiration. vol. 1. vol. 1: p. 10.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. Gallery Book II: Exhibition of March 30, 1943. Washington. .
  • Mehmet Aga-Oglu. Exhibition of Islamic Art. Exh. cat. San Francisco, February 24 - March 22, 1937. cat. 124.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Exhibition of 2500 Years of Persian Art. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 71, pp. 19, 21.
  • Ernst Grube. The World of Islam. Landmarks of the World's Art London. p. 29, pl. 17.
  • Exhibition of Persian Art. Exh. cat. New York. p. 35.
  • Louise Allison Cort, Massumeh Farhad, Ann C. Gunter. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, 2000. p. 84, fig. 3.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Ceramics from the World of Islam. Exh. cat. Washington, 1973. cat. 50, pp. 112-115.
  • Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Persian Art. Exh. cat. London. cat. 180B, p. 115.
  • Geoffrey Parker. The World: An Illustrated History. London. p. 134.
  • , Eva Baer, David Nicolle, Barbara Schmitz, Oliver Watson. The Art of the Saljuqs in Iran and Anatolia. Costa Mesa, California. cat. 19, p. 138, fig. 267.
  • Farhad Daftary, Zulfikar Hirji. The Ismailis: An Illustrated History. London. p. 145.
  • Hunt Janin. The Pursuit of Learning in the Islamic World, 610-2003. Jefferson, North Carolina. p. 188.
  • Oleg Grabar, Sheila Blair. Epic Images and Contemporary History: The Illustrations of the Great Mongol Shahnama. Chicago. cat. 19, 5, p. 201.
  • The Arts of Persia. New Haven and London. pp. 254, 260, fig. 1.
  • Robert Hillenbrand, Dr. Chase F. Robinson, Massumeh Farhad, Sana Mirza. The Great Mongol Shahnama. New Haven, CT, January 31, 2023. p. 280, fig. 11.3.
  • Yakimono jiten. Tokyo. p. 306.
  • Jose Pijoan. Arte Islamico. vol. 12, Summa artis, historia general del arte, 1st ed. Madrid. p. 315, fig. 436.
  • Antony Eastmond. Tamita's World: The Life and Encounters of a Medieval Noblewoman from the Middle East to Mongolia. Cambridge, United Kingdom. p. 334, fig. 135 and plate 135.
  • Richard Ettinghausen, O. Graber. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 650-1250. The Pelican History of Art Hammondsworth, United Kingdom and New York. pp. 352-3, figs. 376-7.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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