Purportedly discovered in archaeological site at Anhui province, Shou xian, China 
Zhang Naiji (1899–1948), Shanghai, China, and New York, NY, from at least February 1939 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C. T. Loo and Company, New York, NY, from Zhang Naiji on April 17, 1939 
 Traditionally, the pendant was said to have been excavated in Anhui province, Shou xian, based on information provided by Zhang Naiji to John Ellerton Lodge at the time of acquisition; see John Ellerton Lodge’s note, 1939, in F1939.6 object file.
 See object information sheet and “List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art,” approved on February 1, 1939, Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, copies in object file. According to an annotation on the list, the purchase was made from C. T. Loo and Company, New York, acting as agent for the owner and the payment was made on April 17, 1939. Zhang Naiji (also known as N. C. Chang) was a businessman, born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang that made their wealth in the silk and salt industries. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. Zhang amassed his collection whilst living in Shanghai, before leaving for America in 1938. Zhang did not return to China until 1946. While the earliest documentation of Zhang’s ownership of the jade dates to February 1939, we know that he acquired the objects in China before his departure.
 See “List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art,” cited in note 2.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
C.T. Loo 1880-1957
Zhang Naiji 1899-1948
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948
- Published References
- Alfred Salmony. Chinese Jade Through the Wei Dynasty. New York, 1963. pl. 24, no. 3.
- Simonetta De Vries. Recent Oriental Acquisitions by Museums. vol. 12, no. 2 New York, February 1940. p. 45, pl. 2.
- Na Chih-liang. "玉器通史." Yu ch'i t'ung shih [A General Study of Chinese Jade]. Hong Kong, 1965. p. 48, fig. 60.
- Chang Wen-chi. "中国玉器歷代史." Chung-kuo yu ch'i li tai shih. Hong Kong, 1978. p. 70.
- Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 90, p. 144.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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