Boating under the Red Cliff

View right to left

Artist: Wen Zhengming ζ–‡εΎ΅ζ˜Ž (1470-1559)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, 1552
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 30.5 x 141.5 cm (12 x 55 11/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase β€” Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


autumn, boat, China, cliff, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), river, WWII-era provenance
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Bunjinga suihen. 20 vols., Tokyo. vol. 4: pl. 67.
  • Nakata Yujiro, Fu Shen. O-bei shuzo Chugoku hosho meiseki shu [Masterpieces of Chinese Calligraphy in American and European Collections]. 6 vols., Tokyo, 1981-1983. vol. 5: pls. 54-60.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1 (1982 ed.): pp. 202-203.
  • Alice Rosemary Merrill. Wen Chia (1501 - 1583): Derivation and Innovation. 2 vols. Ann Arbor. pl. 135a.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 67, vol. 1: p. 168.
  • Stephen Little. The Demon Queller and the Art of Qiu Ying (Ch'iu Ying). vol. 46, no. 1/2 Washington and Zurich. pp. 5-80, fig. 13.
  • Pang Yuanji. Hsu chai ming hua lu: Catalogue of Chinese Paintings in the Collection of the Author. Shanghai. p. 10.
  • Katharine P. Burnett. Shaping Chinese Art History: Pang Yuanji and His Painting Collection. Cambria Sinophone World Series Amherst, New York, September 28, 2020. p. 48, fig. 8.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 55.
  • Richard Edwards, Asia Society and Museum. The Art of Wen Cheng-ming (1470-1559). Exh. cat. Ann Arbor, Jan. 25 - Feb. 29; April 7 - June 7, 1976. p. 111.
  • Ursula Toyka-Fuong. Die Rote Wand: Geschichte und Dichtung in der Malerei Chinas. Bonn. p. 318, fig. 8.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.