Folio from a Qur’an

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur’an; recto: Surat Luqman (Luqman) 31: part of verse 18, and verses19-27; verso: sura 31: 27-34; Arabic in gold muhaqqaq script outlined in black; illuminated verse markers; marginal medallions; vocalized in blue and black; one column; 11 lines of text; one of a group of 2 folios.

Maker(s)
Calligrapher: Shadhi ibn Muhammad ibn Ayyub
Historical period(s)
Mamluk period, 1313
Medium
Ink, gold and opaque watercolor on paper
Dimensions
H x W: 34.4 x 25.9 cm (13 9/16 x 10 3/16 in)
Geography
Egypt
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1937.32
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Manuscript
Type

Manuscript folio

Keywords
Egypt, illumination, Islam, Mamluk period (1250 - 1517), muhaqqaq script, Qur'an, sura 31, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

To 1937
Kirkor Minassian (1874-1944), New York. [1]

From 1937
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York. [2]

Notes:

[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Kirkor Minassian 1874-1944

Description

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Surat Luqman (Luqman) 31: part of verse 18, and verses19-27; verso: sura 31: 27-34; Arabic in gold muhaqqaq script outlined in black; illuminated verse markers; marginal medallions; vocalized in blue and black; one column; 11 lines of text; one of a group of 2 folios.

Label

This folio was originally part of a Qur'an commissioned by the Mamluk Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad (reigned 1294-95, 1299-1309, and 1309-40) of Egypt and Syria. According to its colophon, the manuscript was copied in gold by Shadhi ibn Muhammad ibn Ayyub (d. 1342) and illuminated by two artists, Aydughi ibn Abdullah and Ali ibn Muhammad, who show their design skill in the variety of marginal medallions as seen on this example.

Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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