Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva

Historical period(s)
Northern Song dynasty, late 10th-early 11th century
Ink, color, and gold on silk
H x W (image): 106.6 x 58.1 cm (41 15/16 x 22 7/8 in)
China, Dunhuang
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

attendant, bamboo, bodhisattva, Buddhism, China, fan, flower, khakkhara, Ksitigarbha, landscape, lion, monk, Northern Song dynasty (960 - 1127), princess, rock, Song dynasty (960 - 1279), Vajrasattva, WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company


To learn more about this and similar objects, visit http://freersackler.mystagingwebsite.com/SongYuan/default.asp Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. pl. 2.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. appendix 3, pl. 2.
  • Tanaka Kenro Omura Seigai. Chugoku meigashu (Collection of Famous Chinese Paintings). 8 vols., Tokyo. .
  • Zhangju Liang Jian Zhang. Illustrated Catalogue of Famous Paintings from the Great Collection of the Celebrated Connoisseur of Art, Liang Chang-chu of Foochow. China. pl. 3a.
  • Grace Dunham Guest Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 11.
  • Donald S. Lopez Jr Rebecca Bloom. Hyecho's Journey: The World of Buddhism. Chicago, IL, December 2017. p. 56, fig. 3.
  • Paths to Perfection, Buddhist Art at the Freer/Sackler. Washington, D.C. pp. 70-71, 88-89.
  • Richard Ettinghausen Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. p. 847.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum