Bracelet with incised glyphs

Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x Diam: 3.9 × 6.4 cm (1 1/2 × 2 1/2 in) Diam (top opening): 5.9 cm (2 5/16 in) Diam (bottom opening): 5.6 cm (2 3/16 in) H x W (inscription): 1.9 × 3.1 cm (3/4 × 1 1/4 in)
China, Lake Tai region, but purportedly found in Shaanxi province
but purportedly found in Shaanxi province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


carving, China, incising, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite

Reportedly excavated in Shensi province [1]

To 1917
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [2]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1917 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record.

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1325, pg. 303, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Published References
  • Hayashi Minao. Jade of the Liang-chu Culture. no. 360 Tokyo, March 1981. fig. 1.
  • Julia Murray. Neolithic Chinese Jades in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 14, no. 11 Hong Kong, November 1983. p. 17.
  • Wu Hung. Bird Motifs in Eastern Yi Art. vol. 16, no. 10 Hong Kong, October 1985. p. 34.
  • Elizabeth Childs-Johnson Fang Gu. Yuqi shidai: Meiguo bowuguan cang Zhongguo zaoqi yuqi (The Jade Age: Early Chinese Jades in American Museums). Beijing, 2009. p. 54.
  • Rende You. Shouwen yu xiaowen de youhuo: Xinfaxian de chuanshi Longshan wenhua yuqi. No. 138 Taipei, 1994. p. 55, fig. 7.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyokuki sōsetsu. Tokyo, 1999. p. 202, fig. 5: 21.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyoku no kenkyū. Tokyo, 1991. p. 294, fig. 4: 62.
  • New Frontiers in Global Archaeology (Quan qiu hua bei jing xia kao gu xue xin qian yan): Defining China's Ancient Traditions (jie du Zhongguo gu dai chuan tong). New York, 2008. p. 314.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum