Pang Yuanji (1864-1949), Shanghai, China, to 1916 
From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Pang Yuanji, through Pang Zanchen (1881-1951) and Seaouke Yue (You Xiaoxi) (late 19th-early 20th century), in New York, in 1916 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 1137, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, P'ang Catalogue: Antique Famous Chinese Paintings Collected by P'ang Lai Ch'en, no. 58. This object exhibits seals, colophons, or inscriptions that could provide additional information regarding the object’s history; see Curatorial Remarks in the object record for further details.
 According to Ingrid Larsen, "'Don’t Send Ming or Later Pictures': Charles Lang Freer and the First Major Collection of Chinese Painting in an American Museum," Ars Orientalis vol. 40 (2011), pg. 23 and pg. 37, note 118. Larsen explains that Pang Zanchen (the younger brother of Pang Yuanji) and Seaouke Yue were tasked by Pang Yuanji with bringing his paintings to New York to show them to Charles Lang Freer. See also, Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 1137, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Pang Yuanji (C.L. Freer source) 1864-1949
- Published References
- Osvald Siren. A History of Early Chinese Painting. 2 vols., London. vol. 2, pl. 111.
- Osvald Siren. Chinese Paintings in American Collections. Annales du Musee Guimet. Bibliotheque d'art. Nouvelle serie. II Paris and Brussels, 1927-1928. pl. 99.
- William Cohn. Chinese Painting. London and New York. pl. 138.
- Pang Yuanji. Tang Wu dai Song Yuan ming hua (Antique Famous Chinese Paintings): Wuxing Pang shi cang (Collected by P'ang Lai Ch'en). Shanghai. pl. 58.
- Kinjiro Harada. The Pageant of Chinese Painting. Tokyo. pl. 280.
- Pierre Gosset, Renee Pierre-Gosset, Jean-Philippe Charbonnier. China Behind the Red Mask. no. 69 New York, August 1956. p. 19.
- Charles Patrick Fitzgerald. The Horizon History of China. New York. p. 77.
- Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. p. 189.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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