Axe (fu 斧)

Axe of the type fu 斧; rounded blade edge and gently curved sides; perforation bored from both sides leaving median ridge; one surface is mottled yellow and orange with areas and veins of incipient disintegration; opposite surface is pale olive tan with profuse white decomposition. (Corner broken.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 12 × 16.3 × 0.7 cm (4 11/16 × 6 7/16 × 1/4 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.498
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

Possibly excavated in Hsia-hsi, Chekiang [1]

To 1916
You Xiaoxi, Shanghai, to 1916 [2]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1916 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record, this object was "said to have been excavated in Hsia-hsi, Chekiang."

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1044, pg. 232, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Axe of the type fu 斧; rounded blade edge and gently curved sides; perforation bored from both sides leaving median ridge; one surface is mottled yellow and orange with areas and veins of incipient disintegration; opposite surface is pale olive tan with profuse white decomposition. (Corner broken.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Published References
  • You Xiaoxi, Hsiao-chi Yu in, Chi-Tseng Chang. Masterpieces of Chinese National Art: The Collection of Mr. Seaouke'e Yue. Shanghai, 1916. no. 19.
  • Julia Murray. Neolithic Chinese Jades in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 14, no. 11 Hong Kong, November 1983. p. 22.
  • Frederick William Gookin. Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Ancient Chinese Paintings, Sculptures and Jade Objects from the Collection formed by Charles Lang Freer, and Given by Him to the Nation through the Smithsonian Institution, Exhibition November 15 to December 8, 1917. Exh. cat. Chicago, November 15 - December 8, 1917. No. 97, p. 46.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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