Forked blade (zhang 璋)

Ceremonial implement; blade with one straight and one slightly concave side; upper end irregularly beveled to a sharp edge; longitudinal median ridge indicated; indented lateral projections and notches on each side above perforated tang; greenish black with black spots and yellowish brown translucence in thin areas; earth-incrusted granular patches on tang. (Breaks on tang and upper end.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Erlitou culture 二裏頭 (ca. 2000-1600 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 1800-1600 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 37 x 8.2 x 0.3 cm (14 9/16 x 3 3/16 x 1/8 in)
Geography
China, probably Henan province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.165
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1916
Lai-Yuan and Company, New York, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lai-Yuan and Company in 1916 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 878, pg. 191, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Lai-Yuan and Company (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919

Description

Ceremonial implement; blade with one straight and one slightly concave side; upper end irregularly beveled to a sharp edge; longitudinal median ridge indicated; indented lateral projections and notches on each side above perforated tang; greenish black with black spots and yellowish brown translucence in thin areas; earth-incrusted granular patches on tang. (Breaks on tang and upper end.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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