Forked blade (zhang 璋)

Ceremonial implement; very thin; one slightly convex side; lateral edge flares to a sharp concave end with uneven points; one lateral edge partly sharpened; lateral projection on each side above a perforated tang; rough longitudinal ridge on obverse; reverse has cutting irregularity on handle; translucent, mottled light and dark bluish gray. (Slightly chipped.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Longshan culture 龍山 (ca. 3000 - ca. 1700 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 2000-1700 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 36.5 x 7.4 x 0.3 cm (14 3/8 x 2 15/16 x 1/8 in)
Geography
China, probably Shaanxi province, Shenmu Shimao
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.162
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1916
Lai-Yuan and Company, New York, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lai-Yuan and Company in 1916 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 875, pg. 189, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Lai-Yuan and Company (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919

Description

Ceremonial implement; very thin; one slightly convex side; lateral edge flares to a sharp concave end with uneven points; one lateral edge partly sharpened; lateral projection on each side above a perforated tang; rough longitudinal ridge on obverse; reverse has cutting irregularity on handle; translucent, mottled light and dark bluish gray. (Slightly chipped.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Published References
  • Geoffrey WIlls. Jade of the East., 1st ed. New York, 1972. fig. 22.
  • Guang Wen. Shuoqian zibi: Guyu xutan 1. No. 207 Taipei, 2000. pp. 32-33, fig. 6-7.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyoku no kenkyū. Tokyo, 1991. p. 439, fig. 6: 2.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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