A Study in Red

Maker(s)
Artist: James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
1890
Medium
Drawing; crayon and pastel on brown paper
Dimensions
H x W: 27.7 x 18.3 cm (10 7/8 x 7 3/16 in)
Geography
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1909.123a-b
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Drawing
Type

Drawing

Keywords
United States, woman
Provenance

To 1909
Wallis and Son, The French Gallery, London, to 1909 [1]

From 1909 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Wallis and Son, The French Gallery in 1909 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Accession List, Collections Management office, as well as List of Whistler Purchases since Making up the Smithsonian Inventory, pg. 12, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Wallis and Son, The French Gallery (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Label

"Take the pastels. Whistler did not discover the medium, but he certainly found a fresh use for it. Instead of rubbing the colour all over the paper, and generally endeavouring to imitate the effect of an oil painting, Whistler made a more crayon-like use of his pastel stick. He drew rather than painted. His colour he used sparingly with dainty, incisive touches. The result was a poetic suggestiveness of form and gem-like brilliancy of colour never seen before nor equalled since."


Frank Rutter, Round the Galleries, Sunday Special & Times, March 26, 1905. Whistler Scrapbook 5, p. 42, Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art Archives.

Published References
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels, and Watercolours : A Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1995. .
  • David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1984. p. 276, pl. 279.
  • Pascal Forthuny. Notes sur Whistler. vol. 30, 3e periode Paris, November 1903. p. 385.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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