Michel Casira, Cairo, to 1908 
From 1908 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Michel Casira, Cairo, in 1908 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Micellaneous List, S.I. 57, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Michel Casira (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Rectangular fragment of limestone sculpture, upper surface carved in relief with a crocodile head in profile, facing right. The nostrils, eyes, and teeth of the crocodile are finely modelled. Small modelled bumps between the eyes and nostrils resemble leathery skin markings.
The object is broken on the left and bottom edges; the remaining two edges are slightly abraded. The upper surface of the relief is slightly scratched.
Thin, rectangular plaques made of limestone, carved on one or both sides with figures in low relief, have often been interpreted as sculptors' models. They would have furnished patterns for artists to imitate, thus ensuring that the images or hieroglyphs carved on a tomb or temple wall would appear uniform in style and consistent in details even when executed by artisans trained in different workshops.
The quality of carving on these plaques varies considerably, suggesting that some may have served as trial pieces for artisans practicing their skills. Still others may have functioned instead as votive objects offered in a temple by worshipers, with the carved image depicting the deity to whom they were dedicated.
- Published References
- Jean Capart. Documents pour servir a l'etude de l'art egyptien. 2 vols., Paris, 1927 - 1931. vol. 2: pp. 89-90, pl. 95a.
- Robert Steven Bianchi. Ex - votos of Dynasty XXVI. vol. 35 Cairo. pp. 5-22.
- Ann C. Gunter. A Collector's Journey: Charles Lang Freer and Egypt. Washington and London, 2002. p. 101, fig. 4.9.
- Collection Area(s)
- Ancient Egyptian Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- SI Usage Statement
Usage Conditions Apply
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
Usage Conditions Apply
Chrome users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."
Internet Explorer users: right click on icon, select "save target as..."
Mozilla Firefox users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."