Arhat (Shaka), one of a set of sixteen

Artist: Ryōzen (ca. 1328-ca. 1360)
Historical period(s)
Nanbokucho period, mid 14th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 128.4 × 74.9 cm (50 9/16 × 29 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

ascetic, Buddha, Buddhism, halo, Japan, kakemono, Nanbokucho period (1333 - 1392)

Shibata Zeshin (1807-1895), purchased from Sanseizenji temple, Kyoto, 1855

Mr. Shibata, from his father, Shibata Zeshin, to 1904 [1]

From 1904 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Mr. Shibata, through Bunkio Matsuki (1867-1940), in 1904 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] Bought from the heir of the owner through the Yokohama Specie Bank, with Bunkio Matsuki acting as agent (according to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record). See further, See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, S.I. 17, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Mr. Shibata (C.L. Freer source)
Shibata Zeshin 1807-1891
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Butsuga Ruijyuu. Vol. 1, Japan. .
  • unknown title. no. 49 Tokyo. pl. 2.
  • Richard Edwards. Ue Gukei: Fourteenth Century Ink Painter. vol. 7 Washington and Ann Arbor. pl.11, fig.16-17.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Paintings in American Collections. Annales du Musee Guimet. Bibliotheque d'art. Nouvelle serie. II Paris and Brussels, 1927-1928. pl. 147.
  • Ernest Francisco Fenollosa. Epochs of Chinese and Japanese Art: An Outline History of East Asiatic Design. 2 vols., London and New York. opp. p. 134.
  • Lawrence Binyon. Painting in the Far East: An Introduction to the History of Pictorial Art in Asia Especially China and Japan., 1st ed. London and New York, 1908 - 1969. pl. 5.
  • Zaigai hiho (Japanese Paintings in Western Collections). 3 vols., Tokyo. p. 44.
  • unknown title. no. 234 Tokyo, November 1985. p. 57.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. p. 253.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum