The Arhat Kalika (Karika Sunja)

Maker(s)
Artist: Ryōzen (ca. 1328-ca. 1360)
Historical period(s)
Nanbokucho period, mid-14th century
Medium
Ink and color on silk
Dimensions
H x W (image): 114 × 60 cm (44 7/8 × 23 5/8 in)
Geography
Japan
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1904.301
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Type

Hanging scroll

Keywords
Arhat, Buddhism, halo, Japan, kakemono, Kalika, Nanbokucho period (1333 - 1392), pine tree, tiger, tree
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Label

This painting comes from a set that depicts the sixteen arhats (rakan in Japanese) who were the original followers of the Buddha in India.  The arhats have attained enlightenment, which has freed them from continuous cycles of birth and rebirth; they remain in the world to protect the Buddhist Law.  For special ceremonies, a painting of the Buddha was displayed at the center of two ranks of eight paintings or arhats.  The arhats shown here are accompanied by a tiger and a dragon, animals that, in East Asian Buddhism, represent cosmic polarities that can be overcome through Buddhist meditation and practice.

Published References
  • Butsuga Ruijyuu. vol. 1, Japan. .
  • Zaigai hiho [(Japanese Paintings in Western Collections]. 3 vols., Tokyo. vol. 2: pt. II, p. 45.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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