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Five-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks - National Museum of Asian Art

Five-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks

Detail of a pattern
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Terms of Use

Creative Commons

At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 3300-2250 BCE
  • Geography

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Material

    Jade (nephrite)
  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 17.6 × 7.7 × 7.6 cm (6 15/16 × 3 × 3 in)
  • Accession Number

    F1917.63
  • EDAN ID

    edanmdm:fsg_F1917.63

Object Details

  • Description

    Squared hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; tall form with wide projecting collar at both ends; irregularly bored leaving two deep ridges; mottled shades of medium green and some brown; partly covered with grayish incipient disintegration, more profuse in interior which also has rust stains; decoration: incised and channeled, grooves and corner ridges; surface worn smooth. (Breaks on collar.)
    Acquired with an inscribed box, now lost.
  • Provenance

    To 1917
    Li Wenqing (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [1]
    From 1917 to 1919
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Li Wenqing, in New York, in 1917 [2]
    From 1920
    Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]
    Notes:
    [1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1150, pg. 262, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Voucher No. 18, December 1916.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Studies in Connoisseurship 1923-1983 (September 23, 1983 to March 1, 1984)
    Chinese Art (January 1, 1963 to March 6, 1981)
    Chinese Bronze, Jade, Metalwork (March 1, 1957 to January 1, 1963)
    Centennial Exhibition, Galleries 14 and 15 (February 25, 1956 to March 1, 1957)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Jade and Bronze (August 26, 1955 to October 25, 1955)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1946 (May 7, 1946 to February 25, 1956)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1945 (January 9, 1945 to August 20, 1955)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Art, 1944 (November 15, 1944 to May 6, 1946)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1944 (December 13, 1944 to May 7, 1946)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1943 (March 22, 1943 to November 17, 1944)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Metalwork (March 14, 1931 to March 22, 1943)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Li Wenqing 李文卿 (ca. 1869-1931) (C.L. Freer source)
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
  • Origin

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Culture

    Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Charles Lang Freer
  • Type

    Ceremonial Object
  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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