Incense Burner

Historical period(s)
Tang dynasty, 7th-8th century
Medium
Gilded bronze
Dimensions
H x W x D: 13.3 x 27.2 x 25.8 cm (5 1/4 x 10 11/16 x 10 3/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1987.15
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Vessel
Type

Ritual vessel: incense burner

Keywords
casting, China, gilding, incense, Tang dynasty (618 - 907), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

As early as 1929 to 1950
C. T. Loo & Company, Paris, France and New York, NY [1]

1950 to 1953
C. T. Loo INC., New York, NY by transfer from C. T. Loo & Company [2]

1953 to 1961
C. T. Loo Chinese Art, New York, NY by transfer from C. T. Loo, INC. [3]

1961 to 1966
C. T. Loo & Cie, Paris, France by transfer from C. T. Loo Chinese Art [4]

1966 to 1967
J. T. Tai & Company, New York, NY purchased from C. T. Loo & Cie, Paris France in New York on June 20, 1966 [5]

From 1968 to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York, purchased from T. J. Tai on December 31, 1968 in New York, NY [6]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [7]

Notes:

[1] Object is published in Osvald Siren, A History of Early Chinese Art, Volume II. London: E. Benn, Ltd., 1929, plate 133. C. T. Loo & Company is cited as the owner.

[2] In 1950, C. T. Loo announced his retirement from C. T. Loo & Company, New York and Paris. Between 1950 and the summer of 1953, he continued to do business, however, he did so under the name C. T. Loo, INC. and organized exhibitions of his company’s stock using this new business name. C. T. Loo’s daughter, Janie Emanuel Loo operated the Paris branch of C. T. Loo & Company as C. T. Loo & Cie., Arts d’Asie. C. T. Loo, INC. was dissolved by the summer of 1953.

[3] The object is published in The Arts of the T’ang Dynasty: A loan exhibition organized by the Los Angeles County Museum from Collections in America, The Orient and Europe, January 8 – February 17, 1952, cat. 110 (ill.). “Mr. Frank Caro, C. T. Loo, New York” is cited as the owner; the business’s formal name, however, was C. T. Loo Chinese Art.

On September 1, 1952, C. T. Loo’s associate, Frank Caro (1904-1980) took over daily operations of the New York business. C. T. Loo, INC. was dissolved by the summer of 1953 and Caro operated as C. T. Loo Chinese Art. Loo continued to play a large role in the business, as he and Caro struck a deal in which profits made on Loo’s stock would be evenly divided and Loo would maintain the lease and rental payments on the company’s gallery space.

[4] In 1961, Loo and Caro’s agreement ended. C. T. Loo & Cie., Paris, France took control of C. T. Loo Chinese Art, New York stock, which C. T. Loo added to the inventory before his death in 1957. This object was part of that inventory.

[5] See J. T. Tai & Company stock record “A 418: Gilt Bronze Incense Burner, T’ang Dyn,” copy located in accession file. The seller is recorded as “C. T. Loo & Cie.”

[6] J. T. Tai & Company invoice addressed to Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, dated 10/19/1967, copy located in the object file and in the FǀS COM provenance files. J. T. Tai & Company stock record A 418 reports that the sale was not finalized until December 31, 1968, copy in accession file.

[7] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s)

Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948
C.T. Loo, INC. ca. 1948-no later than July 1953
C.T. Loo & Cie, Art Ancien de Chine ca. 1950-2011
J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950
C.T. Loo Chinese Art 1953 - 1961

Published References
  • Henry Trubner. The Arts of the T'ang Dynasty. Exh. cat. Los Angeles. cat. 110.
  • Osvald Siren. A History of Early Chinese Art. 4 vols., London, 1929-1930. vol. 2, pl. 113.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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