Five Luohan with Attendants Crossing the Ocean

Patron: Empress Dowager Cisheng (1546-1614)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, ca. 1610
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 146.9 x 81.5 cm (57 13/16 x 32 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

Arhat, Buddhism, China, cloud, drum, fly whisk, halo, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), prayer beads, turtle, wave
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: p. 251.
  • Chun-fang Yu. Latter Days of the Law: Images of Chinese Buddhism, 850-1850. Exh. cat. Lawrence, Kansas and Honolulu. p. 61, fig. 11.
  • Qingxiang Chen. Jie di Aluohan: Zhongguo fo hua zhi mei. Louhan pian: Unveil Arhats: Encounter the Arhats; Broaden your Mind. The Beauty of the Chinese Buddhistic Paintings. The Part of Arhat. Exh. cat. Taipei. pp. 66-67.
  • Wu Meifeng. A Note on Ming Dynasty Court Painting History-Beginning with the “Painted and Made” Inscription by the Empress Dowager Cisheng (1546-1614). vol. 10, 2013. pp. 267-310.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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