Sufi riding a leopard from a Bustan (Orchard) by Sa'di (1291)

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    1525 (931 A.H.)
  • Geography

  • Material

    Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W: 26.9 x 17.6 cm (10 9/16 x 6 15/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Calligrapher

    Ahmad al-Husayni al-Mashhadi
  • Description

    Manuscript; Bustan (Orchard) by Sa'di; Persian in black and gold nasta'liq script; 46 folios with 1 sarlawh (folio 1 verso), 1 dated colophon (folio 46 recto), 2 paintings (fols.4, and 14 recto), and illuminated headings; inscriptions: fols. 14, 17, 46, 53 recto; standard page: 4 columns, 21 lines of text.
    Binding: The manuscript is bound in Turkish red leather over paper pasteboards with gold tooling on the exterior covers and doublures of marbled paper. The envelop flap has a border of multiple fillets with a scalloped medallion at the tip of the flap.
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Henri Vever (1854-1942)
    Arsène Aftandil
    Francois Mautin (1907-2003)
  • Provenance

    To 1912
    Arsène Aftandil. [1]
    From 1912 to 1942
    Henri Vever (1854-1942), Paris and Noyers, France, purchased from Arsène Aftandil on June 22, 1912. [2]
    From 1942 to 1986
    Family member, Paris and Boulogne, France, by inheritance from Henri Vever, Paris and Noyers, France. [3]
    From 1986
    Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, purchased from a family member, Paris and Boulogne, France. [4]
    [1] See Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 7: Chart of Recent Provenance" in An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection, Glenn D. Lowry et al (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 399. See also Glen D. Lowry and Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 2: Ledger of Acquisitions, 1894 and 1907-17" in A Jeweler’s Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 232.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See the Agreement for the Purchase and Sale of the Henri Vever Collection of January 9, 1986, Collections Management Office.
    [4] See note 3.
  • Origin

  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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