Samuel Bourne Photograph: Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlach, Agra

Detail of a pattern

At A Glance

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  • Creator

    Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
  • Dates

    circa 1860s
  • Physical Description

    1 Print (albumen, image 23 x 29 cm., mounted 31 x 40 cm.)
  • Collection ID


  • Scope and Contents

    One albumen print of the mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlach (Agra, India), circa 1860s. View from an angle with two Indian men in the center of the photograph. Signed "Bourne 1233" in the lower left corner of the image.
  • Biographical / Historical

    Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography.
    This photograph depicts the tomb of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, located in Agra, India. An important official of the Mughal empire. Ghiyas Beg served as the chief treasurer during the rule of Emperor Jahangir, and was given the title I'timād-ud-Daulah (i.e. Etmad-Dowlach), or Pillar of the State. The tomb, which is considered an architectural predecessor of the Taj Mahal, was commissioned by Nur Jahan, Ghiyas Beg's daughter and the wife of Jahangir.
  • Local Numbers

    FSA A1998.08
  • Creator

    Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
  • Names

    Ghiyas Beg, Mirza, d. 1627
  • Place

    Agra (India)
    India -- Uttar Pradesh -- Agra
  • Topic

    Mausoleums -- India
  • Container

    Box 1
  • Custodial History

    Purchased, 1998.
  • Archival Repository

    Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
  • Type

    Collection descriptions
    Archival materials
    Albumen prints
  • Citation

    Samuel Bourne Photograph: Mausoleum of Prince Etmad-Dowlach, Agra, FSA A1998.08. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Arrangement

    One folder in one flat box.
  • Rights

    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
  • Genre/Form

    Albumen prints -- 1860-1880
  • Restrictions

    Collection is open for research.

Repository Contact

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
National Museum of Asian Art Archives
Washington, D.C. 20013