Samuel Bourne Photograph: Nautch Bungalow Shalimar

Detail of a pattern

At A Glance

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  • Creator

    Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
  • Dates

    circa 1860s
  • Physical Description

    1 Print (albumen, image, 24 x 29 cm., mounted 31 x 40.)
  • Collection ID


  • Scope and Contents

    One albumen print of a nautch bungalow at the Shalimar Garden, Srinagar, India, circa 1860s. With two men next to a pool of water. Signed "Bourne 806" in black ink on bottom right of image. "Nautch Bungalow Shalimar" is inscribed on the board beneath the photograph.
  • Biographical / Historical

    Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography.
    The Shalimar Gardens were built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir (r.1605-27) for his wife Mehrunissa, called Nur Jahan, in 1616. The gardens were the inspiration for other gardens of the same name, notably the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan. A simple translation of nautch is "dance" or "dancing". The nautch bungalow was likely a residence for the young girls known as "Nautch girls", who performed one of several styles of popular dance known as Nautch. The performance of Nautch rose to prominence during the later period of Mughal Empire, gradually expanding outside the confines of the Imperial Courts.
  • Local Numbers

    FSA A1998.07
  • Creator

    Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
  • Place

    Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir, India)
    India -- Kashmir -- Dal Lake
  • Topic

    Shalimar Garden (Srinagar, India)
    Gardens -- India
    Gardens, Mogul
  • Container

    Box 1
  • Custodial History

    Purchased, 1998.
  • Archival Repository

    Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
  • Type

    Collection descriptions
    Archival materials
    Albumen prints
  • Citation

    Samuel Bourne Photograph: Nautch Bungalow Shalimar. FSA.A1998.07. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Arrangement

    Organized in one flat box.
  • Rights

    Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
  • Genre/Form

    Albumen prints
  • Restrictions

    Collection is open for research.

Repository Contact

Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
National Museum of Asian Art Archives
Washington, D.C. 20013