Pendant in the form of a buffalo head

Historical period(s)
Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1300-ca. 1050 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D (overall): 3.2 x 2.4 x 1.8 cm (1 1/4 x 15/16 x 11/16 in)
China, probably Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Paul Singer collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), buffalo, carving, China, Paul Singer collection, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)

From at least 1935 to probably late 1930s
Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai, from at least 1935 [1]

From probably late 1930s to 1958
C. T. Loo & Co., New York, purchased from Zhang Naiji, probably in the late 1930s [2]

From 1958 to 1997
Paul Singer (1904-1997), Summit, New Jersey, purchased from C. T. Loo & Co. on August 26, 1958 [3]

From 1997
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, bequeathed by Paul Singer [4]


[1] Zhang Naiji lent the object to the International Exhibition of Chinese Art in London in 1935, see Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art (London, Royal Academy of Arts, November 28, 1935 - March 7, 1936), cat. 281 (ill.). Zhang was a salt merchant born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins.

[2] See C. T. Loo & Co., An Exhibition of Chinese Archaic Jades: Arranged for Norton Gallery of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, January 20 to March 1, 1950 (New York: C.T. Loo, 1950), pl. 17, no. 2. It is known that C. T. Loo acquired a number of objects from Zhang Naiji’s collection after the latter had left China in 1938. The pendant probably can be identified with a jade recorded on C.T. Loo’s stockcard no. J-29: “Archaic jade bead? in form of buffalo head,” Frank Caro Archive, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, copy in object file.

[3] See C. T. Loo’s stockard no. J 29, cited in note 2. The jade was included in a catalogue of the Singer collection published on occasion of the exhibition curated by Max Loehr in 1965 and in a catalogue of the exhibition at the China House Gallery in 1968; see Max Loehr, Relics of Ancient China, from the Collection of Dr. Paul Singer (New York: Asia Society, 1965), cat. 31; China House Gallery, Chinese Jade through the Centuries: From Private and Museum Collections (New York: The Gallery, 1968), cat. 9. The collection of Chinese art and antiquities assembled by Paul Singer over time was purchased by him on behalf of Arthur M. Sackler, Jillian Sackler, the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities and later was transferred to the children of Arthur M. Sackler.

[4] Upon Paul Singer’s death in January 1997, his collection was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery by order of the Executors of the Estate under a loan agreement signed on February 1997. Shortly thereafter, the Sackler Gallery was vested with full ownership and title to the collection in full agreement by the Sackler Foundations and Sackler family members. The formal accession of the Singer collection was completed in 2012.

Previous Owner(s)

Zhang Naiji 1899-1948
Dr. Paul Singer 1904-1997
C.T. Loo & Company active 1915-1962

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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