Horse harness frontlet

Historical period(s)
Western Zhou dynasty, ca. 10th-9th century BCE
Medium
Bronze
Dimensions
H x W x D: 27.1 x 32.4 x 2.2 cm (10 11/16 x 12 3/4 x 7/8 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S2006.3
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Tool and Equipment
Type

Horse harness trapping

Keywords
casting, China, horse, mask, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

?
Possibly C. T. Loo & Cie., Paris, France [1]

1930-1952
David David-Weill (1871-1952), Paris and Neuilly-sur-Seine France, mode of acquisition unknown [2]

1952-1970  
Flora Raphaël David-Weill (1878-1970), inherited upon death of her husband, David David-Weill [3]  

1970-1972    
Descendants of David and Flora Raphaël David-Weill, inherited upon death of Flora Raphaël David-Weill in 1970 [4]   

1972
Sale, Sotheby & Co., "The D. David-Weill Collection, Catalogue of Early Chinese Bronzes, Inlaid Metalwork, Gilt Bronzes and Silver, Jades, Sculpture and Ceramics," February 29, 1972 (London), lot 103 [5]

1972
J. T. Tai. & Company, New York, NY purchased at the Sotheby & Co. Sale in 1972, London [6]

1972-1987
Arthur M. Sackler (1913 -- 1987), New York, NY, purchased from J. T. Tai & Co., New York, NY [7]

?
Else Jorgensen Sackler (1913-2000), by gift or inheritance from Arthur M. Sackler, New York, NY [8]

?-2006
The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, New York, NY, gift of Else Jorgensen Sackler [9]

From 2006
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, New York, NY [10]

Notes:

[1] See correspondence between the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery dated February 3, 2009, copy in object file.

[2] David David-Weill's collection number - D.W. 30/43 - remains on the bottom of the object. This was the 43rd object David David-Weill acquired in 1930. He had the object in his collection at the time of his death in 1952 (see note 3). David David-Weill died on July 7, 1952 in Neuilly, France. His collection was sold in a series of auctions beginning in 1959.

David David-Weill was a Jewish, American-born French banker and chairman of Lazard Frères, his family's bank headquartered in Paris. He was president of the council of French National Museums from 1925 to 1939 and the vice president of the Friends of the Louvre until 1938. David-Weill was a life-long, prolific collector, acquiring a broad range of objects including French 18th-century art, ancient Chinese bronzes, jades, and silvers, and European cloisonné. During World War 2, Nazis plundered his collection and seized over 2000 objects, most of which were restituted after the War. The parts of David-Weill's collection that were not seized by Nazis were hidden and protected. It is unclear if this object was stolen by the Nazis. If it was, the object was restituted to the family, as it was in their possession through 1972.

[3] David David-Weill died on July 7, 1952 in Neuilly, France. His wife, Flora Raphaël David-Weill inherited the object.  

[4] See note 3; upon death of Flora Raphaël David-Weill, a Sotheby sale was organized. It does not specify who collected the profits, but it was likely the descendants.   

[5] See Sotheby & Co., The D. David-Weill Collection: Catalogue of Early Chinese Bronzes, Inlaid Metalwork, Gilt Bronzes and Silver, Jades, and Sculpture and Ceramics (London, February 29, 1972), lot 103.

[6] See Sotheby & Co. "Price List: Fine Early Chinese Bronzes, Jades, Sculptures, Ceramics, and Silver, Tuesday 29th February 1972," lot 103, copy in object file.

[7] See correspondence between the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery dated February 3, 2009, copy in object file.

[8] See note 7.

[9] See note 7.

[10] See Acquisition Consideration Form, object file.

Previous Owner(s)

David-Weill Family
Sotheby's (London)
David David-Weill 1871-1952
Flora Raphaël David-Weill 1878-1971
C.T. Loo 1880-1957
Mrs. Else Sackler 1913-2000
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950
Arthur M. Sackler Foundation founded 1965

Published References
  • Royal Academy of Arts. Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, 1935-36. Exh. cat. London. cat. 146.
  • Georges Salles. Bronzes Chinois des Dynasties Tcheou, Ts'in et Han. Exh. cat. Paris, 1934. cat. 102.
  • The D. David-Weil Collection: Catalogue of Fine Early Chinese Bronzes, Jades, Sculptures, Ceramics, and Silver. London, February 29, 1972. lot 103, p. 41.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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