Fierce battle between Japan and China at Songhwan Station

Historical period(s)
Meiji era, August, 1894
Woodblock print; ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 36.3 x 71.7 cm (14 5/16 x 28 1/4 in)
Credit Line
Gift--the Elizabeth D. Woodbury collection of prints from Meiji Japan
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Woodblock print

battle, Elizabeth D. Woodbury collection, Japan, Meiji era (1868 - 1912), triptych, WWII-era provenance

From the 1960s to 1999
Elizabeth D. Woodbury, Japan and Alexandria, VA, purchased in Japan in the 1960s [1]

From 1999
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, given by Elizabeth D. Woodbury in 1999


[1] According to Provenance Remark 1 in the object record.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Elizabeth D. Woodbury


The artist of this print is not identified. A network of orange lines represent the terrifying ferocity of the battle in which Chinese and Japanese soldiers fight hand to hand as gunfire, swords, and bayonets threaten them all. The location is Songhwan in southern Korea, the site of a battle on 29 July 1894. Despite the modern weaponry and the novel graphic imagery of the representations of gunfire, much of the visual precedent for portraying the soldiers in battle comes from traditional Japanese paintings which survive from as early as the Kamakura period (1185-1333).

Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.