Historical period(s)
Iron Age II - III, ca. 1000-500 BCE
Medium
Bronze
Dimensions
H x W x D: 19.5 x 6.6 x 2.4 cm (7 11/16 x 2 5/8 x 15/16 in)
Geography
Iran, Luristan
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John B. Bunker in memory of Dr. Edith Porada
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1996.78
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Metalwork
Type

Finial

Keywords
bird, casting, Iran, Iron Age II (ca. 1250 - 800 BCE), Iron Age III (ca. 800 - 500 BCE), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

To the late 1950s or 1960s
H. Khan Monif (died 1968), New York to the late 1950s or 1960s [1]

From the late 1950s or 1960s to 1996
Emma C. Bunker, purchased in New York City from H. Khan Monif in the late 1950s or 1960s [2]

From 1996
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, given by Mr. John B. and Mrs. Emma C. Bunker, Wheatland, WY, in 1996

Notes:

[1] According to Provenance Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Mr. and Mrs. John B. and Emma Bunker
H. Kahn Monif died 1968

Label

An important industry in bronze and copper artifacts flourished in the region of Luristan, western Iran, between about 1400 and 600 B.C.E.  This object is one of the most typical Luristan bronzes: a finial, or ornamental pole top, which was originally mounted on a bottle-shaped support (see S1995.111).  The finials were often fashioned in the form of a demon flanked by panthers (or other leonine creatures).  As in this example, the flanking leonine creatures often terminate in predatory heads with a cock's head projecting from the neck.

Collection Area(s)
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.