Cylindrical jar

Vat with cylindrical body slightly wider in upper body in shoulder, tall angled shoulder, short neck, verted rim with flange. Wheel-thrown from coil added to flat base. Base flat, relatively smooth, one large chip from edge. Wall possibly constructed in three sections (with drying time between additions), plus shoulder and neck.
Clay: stoneware. deep reddish-brown where exposed, slightly lighter color on base.
Decoration: at base, straight upright trim at foot, above which is a series of seven evenly-spaced bevels. Main body of vessel undecorated. On upper wall below curve of shoulder, deep band of scalloped combing made with four-toothed combing tool, rounded upper arches and long spikes pointing straight downward. Just above, as wall curves inward, broad band crated by nine parallel incised horizontal lines. Shoulder undecorated. At base of neck, row of scalloped combing done with three-toothed combing tool, scallops compressed with spikes pointing dowward to right. Two incised horizontal lines around base of neck. Low neck everts to thick, wide rim with flange.
Glaze: iron glaze, mostly translucent cool brown, with thicker, darker streaks as well as streaks of ochre yellow, especially in glaze caught in bevels above foot. Glaze on shoulder and rim is thicker, uniformly darker tone. Glaze over entire interior, thicker on upper wall and ending in even horizontal line, suggesting that vessel was dipped upside down into vat of glaze. In addition, streaks and rivulets of glaze (some ochre yellow) all the way to vessel bottom.

Historical period(s)
Angkor period, 1075-1430
Medium
Stoneware with iron glaze
Dimensions
H x Diam (overall): 48.4 x 35.7 cm (19 1/16 x 14 1/16 in)
Geography
Cambodia or Northeast Thailand
Credit Line
Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1996.115
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceramic, Vessel
Type

Jar

Keywords
Angkor period (802 - 1431), brown and black glaze, Cambodia, Hauge collection, stoneware, Thailand, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

From circa 1970-72 to 1996
Mr. and Mrs. Victor Hauge [1]

From 1996
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Osborne and Gratia Hauge in 1996 [2]

Notes:

[1] Object file. Most likely acquired from a dealer in Ayutthaya or Bangkok, circa 1970-1972.

[2] Ownership of collected objects sometimes changed between the Hauge families.

Previous Owner(s)

Mr. and Mrs. Osborne and Gratia Hauge (1914-2004) and (died 2000)

Description

Vat with cylindrical body slightly wider in upper body in shoulder, tall angled shoulder, short neck, verted rim with flange. Wheel-thrown from coil added to flat base. Base flat, relatively smooth, one large chip from edge. Wall possibly constructed in three sections (with drying time between additions), plus shoulder and neck.
Clay: stoneware. deep reddish-brown where exposed, slightly lighter color on base.
Decoration: at base, straight upright trim at foot, above which is a series of seven evenly-spaced bevels. Main body of vessel undecorated. On upper wall below curve of shoulder, deep band of scalloped combing made with four-toothed combing tool, rounded upper arches and long spikes pointing straight downward. Just above, as wall curves inward, broad band crated by nine parallel incised horizontal lines. Shoulder undecorated. At base of neck, row of scalloped combing done with three-toothed combing tool, scallops compressed with spikes pointing dowward to right. Two incised horizontal lines around base of neck. Low neck everts to thick, wide rim with flange.
Glaze: iron glaze, mostly translucent cool brown, with thicker, darker streaks as well as streaks of ochre yellow, especially in glaze caught in bevels above foot. Glaze on shoulder and rim is thicker, uniformly darker tone. Glaze over entire interior, thicker on upper wall and ending in even horizontal line, suggesting that vessel was dipped upside down into vat of glaze. In addition, streaks and rivulets of glaze (some ochre yellow) all the way to vessel bottom.

Published References
  • Dawn Rooney. Khmer Ceramics. Oxford in Asia Studies in Ceramics Singapore. .
  • Natthaphat Chanthawit. Ancient Kiln Sites in Buriram Province. Bangkok. .
  • Khmer Ceramics 9th-14th Centuries. Exh. cat. Singapore. .
  • George Coedes. Les collections archaeologiques du Musee National de Bangkok. no. 12 Paris and Brussels. .
  • Louise Allison Cort, Massumeh Farhad, Ann C. Gunter. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, 2000. cat. 74, pp. 107, 148.
  • Mark Hewitt, Nancy Sweezy. The Potter's Eye: Art and Tradition in North Carolina Pottery. Chapel Hill, 2005. cat. 53, pp. 132-133.
  • Louise Allison Cort. Kumeeru touki: Haugi Correkushon wo chushin to shita kumeeru toki no kenkyu [Khmer Ceramics: Research on Khmer Ceramics Centering on the Hauge Collection]. no. 22. cat. 74, p. 166.
  • Thomas Lawton, Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. p. 209, fig. 3.
Collection Area(s)
Southeast Asian Art
Web Resources
Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia
Google Cultural Institute
F|S Southeast Asia
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