Baluster-form jar with two-color glazing

Clay: brown stoneware

Historical period(s)
Angkor period, 1177-1250
Stoneware with iron glaze; laminate of white stoneware over neck, with wood-ash glaze
H x Diam (overall): 44.3 x 27.3 cm (17 7/16 x 10 3/4 in)
Northeast Thailand
Credit Line
Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceramic, Vessel


Angkor period (802 - 1431), brown and black glaze, Cambodia, green glaze, Hauge collection, stoneware, Thailand, wood-ash glaze, WWII-era provenance

From circa 1970-72 to 1996
Mr. and Mrs. Victor Hauge [1]

From 1996
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Osborne and Gratia Hauge in 1996 [2]


[1] Object file. Most likely acquired from a dealer in Ayutthaya or Bangkok, circa 1970-1972.

[2] Ownership of collected objects sometimes changed between the Hauge families.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Mr. and Mrs. Osborne and Gratia Hauge (1914-2004) and (died 2000)


Clay: brown stoneware


Only two glaze colors--green and brown--appear on Khmer stoneware vessels. The basic glaze was mixed from wood ash, clay, and water, and the color of the fired glaze depended in part upon the percentage of iron in the glaze solution. A small amount of iron oxide occurring naturally in the glaze materials tinted the glaze green, while the addition of more iron produced brown or black. Khmer potters applied green glaze to vessels made of white clay and brown glaze to those formed from brown clay. Sometimes, however, they created dramatic contrast by applying both glazes to the same vessel, as on this jar. In such cases, they applied a thin coating of white clay over the dark clay body in the areas where the green glaze would go.

Published References
  • Louise Allison Cort, George Williams, David P. Rehfuss. Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia. Washington. .
  • Louise Allison Cort, Massumeh Farhad, Ann C. Gunter. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, 2000. cat. 66, p. 147.
  • Louise Allison Cort. Kumeeru touki: Haugi Correkushon wo chushin to shita kumeeru toki no kenkyu [Khmer Ceramics: Research on Khmer Ceramics Centering on the Hauge Collection]. no. 22. cat. 66, p. 165.
  • Thomas Lawton, Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. p. 208, fig. 2.
Collection Area(s)
Southeast Asian Art
Web Resources
Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia
Google Cultural Institute
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