Galerie Israel, Tel Aviv, to 1966 
From 1966 to 1995
Frank and Joan Mount, Alexandria, VA, purchased from Galerie Israel in 1966
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, given by Frank and Joan Mount in 1995
 According to Provenance Remark 1 in the object record.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Frank and Joan Mount
Spouted Vessel in the form of a humped bull, or zebu. Shape is elongated with short, stubby legs, a large rounded behind and high rounded hump. A trough-like spout makes up the mouth and nose. The neck and humped shoulder rise up in a single broad, curving shape to a conical point behind the head whose muzzle is drawn out into a long beaklike spout. A pair of round, approximately crescentic, horns rise from the sides of the head. At the base of each horn is a pierced projection depicting an ear. A round ridge suggesting the dewlap runs from beneath the muzzle to between the forelegs, and a corresponding ridge suggesting the tail curves down the hindquarters. Surface is covered with dirt, deposits, stains and considerable restoration material. Earthenware, burnished.
One of the most characteristic ceramic forms of the early Iron Age period (ca. 1400800 B.C.E.) in northern Iran is a hollow vessel fashioned in the shape of an animal. This vessel in the form of a humped bull, or zebu, made of reddish brown clay, is equipped with crescent-shaped horns, ears, stubby legs, and a muzzle that projects as a beaklike spout. Ceramic vessels and small bronze figurines in the form of a zebu have been recovered from rich Iron Age tombs in northern Iran, indicating this animal's importance to the region.
- Published References
- Ezat O. Negahban. Marlik: The Complete Excavation Repord. 2 vols., Philadelphia. .
- , Robert H Dyson, Jr., Charles K. Wilkinson, Prudence Oliver Harper. Highlights of Persian Art. Persian Art Series, no. 1 Boulder. pp. 2-17.
- Louise Allison Cort, Massumeh Farhad, Ann C. Gunter. Asian Traditions in Clay: The Hauge Gifts. Washington, 2000. p. 19, fig. 1.
- Ann C. Gunter. A Collection of Ancient Iranian Ceramics. vol. XLIII no. 3, 1997. p. 29, fig. 13.
- E. Haerinck. Bronzeworking Centres of Western Asia, c. 1000-539 B.C. London. pp. 63-78.
- Thomas Lawton, Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. p. 124, fig. 3.
- Trudy S. Kawami. Ancient Iranian Ceramics from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. New York, 1992. pp. 134-36.
- Oscar W. Muscarella. Fibulae and Chronology, Marlik and Assur. vol. 11, no. 4, Winter 1984. pp. 413-19.
- Collection Area(s)
- Ancient Near Eastern Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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