Reportedly excavated in Anhui province, China 
Tonying and Company, New York 
From at least 1929 to 1941
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (1871-1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from at least 1929 
From 1941 to 1963
Holmes Foundation, New York 
Sale, New York, Parke-Bernet Galleries, Important Chinese Art: Early Dynastic Bronzes, Silver and Gold...Collected by the Late Mrs. Christian R. Holmes, New York, Sold by the Order of the Holmes Foundation, November 14-15, 1963, lot 266 (ill. on the cover): "Bronze Covered Wine Vessel (Yu)"
From 1963 to 1965
J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York, purchased at Sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, Important Chinese Art..., November 14-15, 1963 
From probably 1965 to 1987
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, purchased probably from J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York 
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 
 According to Jörg Trübner, Yu und Kuang: Zur Typologie der Chinesischen Bronzen (Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann Verlag, 1929), p. 28. Cheng Mengjia provides the same provenance but mentions also a conflicting report that the vessel came from the Wenzhou area of Zhejiang, see Cheng Mengjia, Yin Zhou qingtongqi fenlei tulu (In Shu seidoki bunrui zuroku; A Corpus of Chinese Bronzes in American Collections) (Tokyo: Kyuko Shoin, 1977), A586. See also Robert W. Bagley, Shang Ritual Bronzes in the Arthur M. Sackler Collections (Washington, DC: The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation; Cambridge, Mass.: The Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University, 1987), p. 373, no. 64.
 The Tonying and Company's stock number "B81" painted in red on the object's base indicates that the vessel at some point was handled by the gallery.
 See Trübner 1929, p. 28. When it entered the collection of Mrs. Holmes, the you was accompanied by fifteen jade beads said to have been found inside it (see provenance records for S1987.935.1-15).
 Mrs. Holmes had established the Holmes Foundation to continue her charity work after her death.
 See Joan Marcia Hartman, “America,” Oriental Art 10, 1 (Spring 1964), p. 47.
 According to information provided by Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 2009, the jades with which the bronze was auctioned in July 1963 were purchased by Arthur M. Sackler from J. T. Tai in 1965, see provenance records for S1987.935.1-15. The bronze was most probably purchased by Sackler from the same source.
 Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.
- Previous Owner(s)
Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871-1941
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950
- Published References
- Jörg Trübner. Yu und Kuang: Zur Typologie der Chinesischen Bronzen. Leipzig. p. 28, pl. 14.
- Robert W. Bagley. Shang Ritual Bronzes in the Arthur M. Sackler Collections: Volume 1 of Ancient Chinese Bronzes in the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. vol. 1, Washington and Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1987. cat. 64, pp. 372-377.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
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