Disk (bi 璧)

Central hole slanted. Ridge on one side of outer edge. Light green translucent jade with darker markings in brown and tan. Chipped on outer edge.

Artist: Qijia culture 齊家 (ca. 2250-ca.1900 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 2250-1900 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
Diam x D: 13.9 × 0.6 cm (5 1/2 × 1/4 in)
Northwest China
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object: disk (bi)

China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite, WWII-era provenance

From as early as 1931
Wells Objects of Art (C. Edward Wells), New York, NY [1]

To 1964
Frank Caro Chinese Art, New York, NY mode of acquisition unknown [2]

1964 to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York, NY purchased from Frank Caro Chinese Art on August 27, 1984 in New York, NY [3]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler in 1987 [4]


[1] According to information provided by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 9, 2009. Copy of the document in the accession file. C. Edward Wells operated Wells Objects of Art on Madison Avenue and specialized in Asian fine art. He incorporated his shop in July 1931.

[2] Object included on invoice from Frank Caro Chinese Art, addressed to Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, 29 September 1966, inventoried as “W 153A”: Jade Large Huang, greenish with brown splashes, Shang, Diam: 5-1/2 ins.”

[3] Arthur M. Sackler purchased the object from Frank Caro Chinese Art on 29 September 1966, copy of invoice located in accession file.

[4] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Wells Objects of Art
C. Edward Wells 1898-1991
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
Frank Caro Chinese Art 1962-1980


Central hole slanted. Ridge on one side of outer edge. Light green translucent jade with darker markings in brown and tan. Chipped on outer edge.

Published References
  • J. Keith Wilson, Jingmin Zhang. Jades for Life and Death. .
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
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