From at least 1935
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (1871-1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from November 1935 
From at least 1959
Tonying & Company, New York, from at least 1959 
From 1959 to 1987
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, purchased from Tonying and Company on November 25, 1959 
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 
 Mrs. Holmes lent the object to the International Exhibition of Chinese Art at Royal Academy of Fine Arts in London in 1935-36, see Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1935-36), cat. 310 (ill.).
 See Tonying & Company’s invoice, issued to Arthur M. Sackler, dated November 25, 1959, in which the jade is listed under no. Jo. 42: “Archaic Jade Chaag (Symbol of Authority) / Shang” copy in object file, provided by Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 2009.
 See Tonying & Company’s invoice cited in note 2.
 Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.
- Previous Owner(s)
Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871-1941
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
This highly polished jade ge 戈, or dagger-axe, has a straight blade and symmetrical tip. There are projections on the top and bottom edges of the dagger-axe coinciding with the small circular perforation that interrupts the pronounced median crest, which extends from the tip of the blade to the butt end of the tang. The projection on the top of the blade is notched in the center and at the butt end. The projections on the lower edge of the blade are more elaborate. A curving form extends downward to define a vertical edge, or hu 胡, of the type commonly seen on bronze ge 戈. More intricate is the projection that descends from the butt end of the dagger-axe. A small curvilinear element at the edge of the blade is repeated below. Incised lines reinforce the contours of this projection. The lower curvilinear element is perforated. A larger circle that resembles an incomplete perforation appears on the lower portion of the butt end of the tang. (Largely calcified, with powdery area on handle butt, front; minute nicks in pointed edge; cinnabar and soil adhering.)
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- SI Usage Statement
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CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
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