Dagger-axe (ge)

Historical period(s)
Late Shang, late Anyang period or early Western Zhou dynasty, 11th century BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 14.3 x 5.3 x 0.6 cm (5 5/8 x 2 1/16 x 1/4 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), carving, China, nephrite, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE), Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance

From at least 1935
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (1871-1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from November 1935 [1]

From at least 1959
Tonying & Company, New York, from at least 1959 [2]

From 1959 to 1987
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, purchased from Tonying and Company on November 25, 1959 [3]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [4]


[1] Mrs. Holmes lent the object to the International Exhibition of Chinese Art at Royal Academy of Fine Arts in London in 1935-36, see Catalogue of the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1935-36), cat. 310 (ill.).

[2] See Tonying & Company’s invoice, issued to Arthur M. Sackler, dated November 25, 1959, in which the jade is listed under no. Jo. 42: “Archaic Jade Chaag (Symbol of Authority) / Shang” copy in object file, provided by Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 2009.

[3] See Tonying & Company’s invoice cited in note 2.

[4] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871 - 1941
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum