Pendant in the form of a stag

The jade stag is presented in silhouette, with its characteristic horns extending backward to repeat the curving form of the stag’s body. Details such as the eye, ear, and haunches are indicated with beveled lines. The animal’s cloven hooves are schematically presented. There is a circular perforation on the stag’s throat. (Mostly calcified; old stickers adhering to back; small nicks and surface cracks; some antler tips broken off; soil and cinnabar adhering.)

Historical period(s)
Western Zhou dynasty, ca. 1050-ca. 950 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 7.6 x 7.7 x 0.6 cm (3 x 3 1/16 x 1/4 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1987.869
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament
Type

Jewelry

Keywords
carving, China, nephrite, stag, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

C. T. Loo & Co., Paris and New York [1]

From at least 1930 to at least 1939
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (died 1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from at least 1930 [2]

From at least 1959
Tonying & Company, New York, from at least 1959 [3]

From 1959 to 1987
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, purchased from Tonying and Company on November 25, 1959 [4]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [5]

Notes:

[1] According to Umehara Sueji, Shina Kokyoku Zuroku (Kuwara Bansei-do, 1955), pl. 75, no. 3.

[2] According to Otto Kümmel, Jörg Trübner zum Gedächtnis: Ergebnisse seiner letzten chinesischen Reisen (Berlin, Klinkhardt & Biermann Verlag, 1930), p. 60, pl. 30c. In 1939 Mrs. Holmes lent the jade to 3000 Years of Chinese Jade exhibition at Arden Gallery in New York, see
3000 Years of Chinese Jade, exh. cat. (New York: Arden Gallery, January 10-February 11, 1939), cat. 95 (ill.).

[3] See Tonying & Company’s invoice, issued to Arthur M. Sackler, dated November 25, 1959, in which the jade is listed under no. Jo 31: “Archaic Jade Deer / Shang,” copy in object file, provided by Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 2009.

[4] See Tonying & Company’s invoice cited in note 2.

[5] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871-1941
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Description

The jade stag is presented in silhouette, with its characteristic horns extending backward to repeat the curving form of the stag’s body. Details such as the eye, ear, and haunches are indicated with beveled lines. The animal’s cloven hooves are schematically presented. There is a circular perforation on the stag’s throat. (Mostly calcified; old stickers adhering to back; small nicks and surface cracks; some antler tips broken off; soil and cinnabar adhering.)

Published References
  • Otto Kümmel. Jörg Trübner zum Gedächtnis: Ergebnisse seiner letzten chinesischen Reisen. Berlin. p. 60, pl. 30c.
  • , et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 51, p. 95.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
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