Pendant in the form of a stag

Historical period(s)
Early Western Zhou dynasty, ca. 11th-10th century BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 7.6 x 7.7 x 0.6 cm (3 x 3 1/16 x 1/4 in)
China, Shaanxi province, Rujiazhuang
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


carving, China, deer, nephrite, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance

C. T. Loo & Co., Paris and New York [1]

From at least 1930 to at least 1939
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes (died 1941), New York and "The Chimneys," Sands Point, Port Washington, Long Island, from at least 1930 [2]

From at least 1959
Tonying & Company, New York, from at least 1959 [3]

From 1959 to 1987
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, purchased from Tonying and Company on November 25, 1959 [4]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [5]


[1] According to Umehara Sueji, Shina Kokyoku Zuroku (Kuwara Bansei-do, 1955), pl. 75, no. 3.

[2] According to Otto Kümmel, Jörg Trübner zum Gedächtnis: Ergebnisse seiner letzten chinesischen Reisen (Berlin, Klinkhardt & Biermann Verlag, 1930), p. 60, pl. 30c. In 1939 Mrs. Holmes lent the jade to 3000 Years of Chinese Jade exhibition at Arden Gallery in New York, see
3000 Years of Chinese Jade, exh. cat. (New York: Arden Gallery, January 10-February 11, 1939), cat. 95 (ill.).

[3] See Tonying & Company’s invoice, issued to Arthur M. Sackler, dated November 25, 1959, in which the jade is listed under no. Jo 31: “Archaic Jade Deer / Shang,” copy in object file, provided by Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October 2009.

[4] See Tonying & Company’s invoice cited in note 2.

[5] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s)

Tonying and Company
Mrs. Christian R. Holmes 1871 - 1941
C.T. Loo & Company active 1908-1950
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987

Published References
  • Otto Kümmel. Jörg Trübner zum Gedächtnis: Ergebnisse seiner letzten chinesischen Reisen. Berlin. p. 60, pl. 30c.
  • et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 51, p. 95.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum