Historical period(s)
Ming or early-to-mid Qing, 15th-18th century
Medium
Jade
Dimensions
H x W x D: 3.9 x 8.4 x 2.5 cm (1 9/16 x 3 5/16 x 1 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1987.24
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Jade, Sculpture
Type

Figure

Keywords
China, dog, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

By 1933 to 1955
Edith Rosenheim-Randon (later Mrs. Edith Bennett (1901-1965)), Paris, France, New York, NY, Washington, D.C., and Chicago, IL [1]

1955
Sale, London, Sotheby & Co, The Well-Known Collection of Early Chinese Ceramics, Bronzes, and Jades: The Property of Mrs. E. Bennett, May 24, 1955, lot 98: “A Fine Jade Figure of a Hound” [2]

By 1960 to 1968
Desmond Gure (1905-1970), London, England mode of acquisition unknown [3]

1968 to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York purchased from Desmond Gure on January 1, 1968 [4]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [5]

Notes:

[1] See: Desmond Gure, “Selected Examples from the Jade Exhibition at Stockholm, 1963: A Comparative Study” in The Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm No. 36 (1964), 146 – 147. Gure reports that Edith Rosenheim-Randon (then Ms. Bennett) told him that the object was exhibited as early as 1933 at the Musée Guimet, Paris. By 1938, Edith Rosenheim-Randon loaned the object as part of her collection to the Brooklyn Museum, New York from in 1938 and was then released to the Arden Gallery for exhibition. It then went to the Philadelphia Museum of Art for exhibition in 1941. The dog was out of Europe ahead of the Nazi occupation of Paris in 1940, when Nazi officials looted Edith Rosenheim-Randon’s collection.

[2] See Sotheby & Co. Catalogue of the Well-Known Collection of Important Chinese Ceramics, Rare Antique Bronzes, and Fine Archaic Jades: The Property of Mrs. E. Bennett (London: May 24, 1955), lot 98. An insert in the auction catalogue reports that lot 98 sold to Manson for $340.00. Manson’s identify remains unclean; it could refer to Manson, Christie & Woods, however this cannot be verified.

[3] Object’s ownership listed as Mr. & Mrs. Desmond Gure in : Daisy Lion-Goldschmidt and Jean-Claude Moreau-Gobard, Chinese Art: Bronse, Jade, Sculpture, Ceramics, Vol. 2. New York: Universe Books Publishers, 1960, figure 67. In the Gure Collection, the object was identified as #179, “A jade carving of an alert recumben hound; olive yellow with dar brown and black markings – 3 ½ in. long – T’ang Dynasty or slightly earlier – fitted box,” see Gure’s inventory of “Objects Exhibited at Stockholm 1963,” copy in object file.

[4] According to information provided by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, October, 9, 2009. See “List 2 – Objects Exhibited at Stockholm 1963,” Desmond Gure’s lists of jades.

[5] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s)

Edith Rosenheim-Randon
Desmond Gure 1905-1970
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987

Label

Small jade animals were enjoyed by China's elite as handsome decorations but also as objects to caress because of jade's unctuous, cool surface. Hounds are, in general, well regarded in China, and one of the years of the zodiac is named after the dog. This jade object might have been presented to someone born in the year of the dog. This slender animal's collar with a bell suggests it is a hunting dog.

Published References
  • Daisy Lion-Goldschmidt, Jean-Claude Moreau-Gobard. Chinese Art: Bronze, Jade, Sculpture, Ceramics. The Universe Library of Antique Art 4 vols., , 1st edition. London and New York. .
  • Alfred Salmony. 3000 Years of Chinese Jade. Exh. cat. New York, January 10 - February 1, 1939. cat. 227.
  • Bo Gyllensvard. Celadon, Jade: Finds, Specimen, Scientific Results; Exhibition. Exh. cat. Stockholm, May-June 1963. pl. 25-1.
  • Desmond Gure, The Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities. Selected Examples from the Jade Exhibition at Stockholm. no. 36 Stockholm. pl. 25.
  • Chinese Jade Animals. Exh. cat. Hong Kong. cat. 75.
  • Jessica Rawson, John Ayers. Chinese Jade Throughout the Ages: An Exhibit. Exh. cat. London. cat. 204, 73.
  • Edwards Park. Treasures from the Smithsonian Institution. Exh. cat. Washington, August 11 - November 5, 1984. p. 75.
  • John Johnston, Chan Lai Pik. 5000 Years of Chinese Jade. Exh. cat. San Antonio, Texas, 2011. cat. 51, p. 86.
  • et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 75, p. 120.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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