Album of the Feng River Landscape Scenes: Cloudy Mountains and River Boat

Artist: Hongren (1610-1664)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1660
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 21.4 x 12.9 cm (8 7/16 x 5 1/16 in)
China, Anhui province, Shexian
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album leaf

boat, China, cloud, landscape, mountain, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), river, WWII-era provenance

Zhang Daqian (1899-1983). [1]

To 1987
Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York. [2]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler, New York. [3]


[1] See object file.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Zhang Daqian China, 1899-1983
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987


Hongren is the Buddhist name taken by the painter Jiang Tao, who also used the name Jianjiang. Already in his own lifetime, he was acclaimed for his cool, spare vision of nature, which he translated into an individualistic style of austere monochrome landscapes. Trained in youth for the esteemed Confucian career of serving as a government official, Hongren passed the entrance-level exams for public service but then withdrew to care for his widowed mother and to study art and literature. When he was thirty-four, Manchu conquerors swept into China and overthrew the established imperial order, founding a new dynasty called the Qing (1644-1911). Hongren, who remained loyal to the previous rulers, fled the ensuing turmoil and became a Buddhist monk.

Cloudy Mountains and River Boats represents the less well known "wet" style of Hongren's repertoire, more famous for its dry brushwork. Heavy use of wash creates the impression that rain is imminent. Hongren recalls the art of Gao Kegong (1248-1310) and other early models in the composition of this scene, which nonetheless is a personal vision of nature.

Published References
  • Victoria Contag C.C. Wang. Seals of Chinese Painters and Collectors of the Ming and Ch'ing Periods., Revised Edition with Supplement. Hong Kong. p. 85.
  • Marilyn Fu Fu Shen. Studies in Connoisseurship: Chinese Paintings from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections in New York, Princeton, and Washington, D.C., Third Edition. Princeton, 1973. pp. 140-151.
  • et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 197, p. 296.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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