Album of the Feng River Landscape Scenes: Rocks and Trees

Artist: Hongren (1610-1664)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1660
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 21.4 x 12.9 cm (8 7/16 x 5 1/16 in)
China, Anhui province, Shexian
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album leaf

China, landscape, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), WWII-era provenance

Zhang Daqian (1899-1983). [1]

To 1987
Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York. [2]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler, New York. [3]


[1] See object file.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Zhang Daqian China, 1899-1983
Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987


Hongren is the Buddhist name taken by the painter Jiang Tao, also known as Jianjiang, who is acclaimed for his cool, spare vision of nature and austere monochrome landscapes. Trained as a youth for the esteemed Confucian career of serving as a government official, Hongren passed the entrance-level exams for public service but then withdrew to care for his widowed mother and study art and literature. When he was thirty-four, Manchu conquerors swept into China and overthrew the established imperial order, founding the new Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Hongren, who remained loyal to the previous dynasty, fled the ensuing turmoil and became a Buddhist monk.

These paintings (S1987.211.1 - .6) belong to an album of ten scenes inspired by the styles of previous painting masters, as well as by Hongren's study of natural scenery. "Rocks and Trees" is indebted to the light, airy style of Ni Zan (1301-1374), who was the most influential model on Hongren.

Published References
  • Victoria Contag, C.C. Wang. Seals of Chinese Painters and Collectors of the Ming and Ch'ing Periods., rev. ed. with supplement. Hong Kong. p. 85.
  • Marilyn Fu, Fu Shen. Studies in Connoisseurship: Chinese Paintings from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections in New York, Princeton, and Washington, D.C., 3rd ed. Princeton, 1973. pp. 140-151.
  • et al. Asian Art in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery: The Inaugural Gift. Washington, 1987. cat. 197, p. 296.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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