Fredrik Robert Martin (1868-1933). 
From at least 1912
Arthur Sambon (1867-1947), Paris, France. 
Léonce Rosenberg (1879-1947), Paris, France. 
From 1913 to 1942
Henri Vever (1854-1942), Paris and Noyers, France, purchased from Léonce Rosenberg, Paris, France on May 26, 1913. 
From 1942 to 1986
Family member, Paris and Boulogne, France, by inheritance from Henri Vever, Paris and Noyers, France. 
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, purchased from a family member, Paris and Boulogne, France. 
 See Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 7: Chart of Recent Provenance" in An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection, Glenn D. Lowry et al (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 402.
 See note 1.
 See note 1.
 See also Glen D. Lowry and Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 2: Ledger of Acquisitions, 1894 and 1907-17" in A Jeweler’s Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 233.
 See the Agreement for the Purchase and Sale of the Henri Vever Collection of January 9, 1986, Collections Management Office.
 See note 5.
- Previous Owner(s)
Henri Vever 1854-1942
Arthur Sambon 1867-1947
Fredrik Robert Martin 1868-1933
Léonce Rosenberg 1879-1947
Francois Mautin French, born 1907
Folio from a copy of Automata by al-Jazari, Kitab fi ma'arifat al-hiyal al-handasiyya (The book of knowledge of ingenious mechanical devices); Arabic in black naskh script; recto: Mechanical Device for Pouring a Drink; verso: text: fifteen lines.
Stamps: Pencil "96"; Chenue Emballeur; London 1931 VV35; Paris Douanes Expo; Round "Henri Vever"
At the beginning of the thirteenth century, al-Jazari wrote the Kitab fi ma'r'rifat al-hiyal al-handasiyya (Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices), popularly called the Automata, and dedicated it to Amir Nasruddin Muhammad (r. 1202-22), the Artukid (1102-1408) ruler of Diyarbakir. The manuscript is devoted to the explanation and construction of fifty mechanical devices divided into six categories. Each category of the book is subdivided into chapters and sections that detail the various components necessary to make the mechanical devices.
This folio comes from chapter 8 of the second category of devices ("On the Construction of Vessels Figures Suitable for Drinking Sessions"). The text describes how the figure of a man is constructed with a series of inner tubes connecting his hands to a reservoir under his cap. Wine is poured into the reservoir when the cap is removed. When the device is ready, the cap is replaced and brought before the guests. After about seven or eight minutes, wine begins to flow into the goblet held in the figure's hand. The small drawings at the bottom of the page describe how to make the hand of the goblet; the axle in his elbow; the jar and the upper arm; the siphon in the jar; the wine reservoir; the trough and the tipping bucket; the narrow pipe connected to the side of the bucket's trough and extending through the left hand into the neck of the bottle; and the bottle.
- Published References
- Fredrik Robert Martin. The Miniature Painting and Painters of Persia, India, and Turkey from the 8th to the 18th Century. 2 vols., London. vol. 2: pl. 3.
- Rene Grousset. The Civilizations of the East. 4 vols., New York and London, 1931-1934. vol. 1: p. 247, fig. 178.
- The Hague. Catalogus tentoonstelling van islamische kunst. cat. 4, p. 21.
- Glenn D. Lowry, Susan Nemanzee. A Jeweler's Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection. Washington and Seattle. cat. 6, pp. 74-75.
- America's Smithsonian: Celebrating 150 Years. Washington, 1996. p. 86.
- Henry Corbin, Paul Pelliot, Eustache de Lorey. Les Arts de l'Iran, l'ancienne Perse, et Bagdad. Paris. cat. 12.2, p. 130.
- Mikhail B. Piotrovsky, John Vrieze. Earthly Beauty, Heavenly Art: Art of Islam. Exh. cat. Amsterdam and London. cat. 85, p. 140.
- Glenn D. Lowry, Milo Cleveland Beach, Elisabeth West FitzHugh, Susan Nemanzee, Janet Snyder. An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection. Washington and Seattle. cat. 191, pp. 162-163.
- L'Age d'or des sciences arabes: Exposition présentée a l'Institut du monde arabe, Paris, 25 octobre 2005-19 mars 2006. Exh. cat. Arles and Paris. cat. 146, p. 273.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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