Historical period(s)
Timurid period, 15th century
H x W x D: 10.1 x 15.1 x 13.2 cm (4 x 5 15/16 x 5 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Long-term loan from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of John Gellatly, 1929.8.292
Long-term loan
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Vessel


Gellatly collection, India, Timurid period (1378 - 1506)
Provenance research underway.

In addition to Timurid manuscripts, the Mughals collected portable luxury arts created in Iran and Central Asia in the fifteenth century.  Owning such objects both affirmed their Persian-Central Asian lineage and provided models for Mughal artists and craftsmen.

The origin of this impresssive jade jug has been the subject of considerable debate.  Similar examples--made in metal, jade, and ceramic, with identical dragon-shaped handles--enjoyed considerable popularity during the Timurid and early Safavid periods.  On the basis of the flattened shape of the body, which is less common in Persian prototypes of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the jade jug has been attributed to Mughal India.

Published References
  • Frederique Beaupertuis-Bressand, Eleanor Sims. Ulug Beg: Le Prince Astronome. Paris. cat. 20, p. 46.
  • Assadullah Souren Melikian-Chirvani. Le Chant du Monde: L'Art de l'Iran safavide, 1501-1736. Exh. cat. Paris. cat. 182, pp. 450-451.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.