Ornament (shi 飾) with mask

Flat plaque ornament with semi-human face; almond-shaped eyes; wide mouth revealing fangs pointing up and down and one row of teeth; biconically perforated round earrings flank the face; ornate nose design; light green jade with traces of calcification below.

Maker(s)
Artist: Shijiahe culture 石家河 (ca. 2500-ca. 2000 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 2500 - 2000 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 3.7 x 7 x 0.5 cm (1 7/16 x 2 3/4 x 3/16 in)
Geography
China, Middle Yangzi valley, Hubei province
Credit Line
Long-term loan from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of John Gellatly, 1929.8.276.3
Collection
Long-term loan
Accession Number
LTS1985.1.276.3
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament
Type

Ornament

Keywords
carving, China, Gellatly collection, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), mask, nephrite
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Description

Flat plaque ornament with semi-human face; almond-shaped eyes; wide mouth revealing fangs pointing up and down and one row of teeth; biconically perforated round earrings flank the face; ornate nose design; light green jade with traces of calcification below.

Published References
  • Alfred Salmony. Carved Jade of Ancient China. Berkeley, 1938. cat. 6-7, pl. 31.
  • Doris J. Dohrenwend. Jade Demonic Images from Early China. vol. 10 Washington and Ann Arbor, 1975. fig. 12.
  • Elizabeth Childs-Johnson. Ritual and Power: Jades of Ancient China. Exh. cat. New York, April 22, 1988 - June 18, 1988. cat. 87, p. 23.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kodai no ishibōchōkei gyokki to kotsusenkei gyokki [Two Types of Prehistorical Chinese Ceremonial Jade Objects: Stone Harvesting Knives and Bone Spades]. No. 54, 1982. p. 46, fig. 50.
  • Wu Hung. Yizu zaoqi de yushi diaoke [A Group of Early Jade and Stone Carvings]., 1979. p. 69, fig. 10.
  • Elizabeth Childs-Johnson, Fang Gu. Yuqi shidai: Meiguo bowuguan cang Zhongguo zaoqi yuqi [The Jade Age: Early Chinese Jades in American Museums]. Beijing, 2009. pp. 150-151.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyokuki sōsetsu. Tokyo, 1999. p. 251, fig. 5: 119.
  • New Frontiers in Global Archaeology: Defining China's Ancient Traditions [Quan qiu hua bei jing xia kao gu xue xin qian yan: jie du Zhongguo gu dai chuan tong]. New York, 2008. p. 306.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
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