Notched disk

Disk marked by three sweeping arcs with a coordinated pattern of serrated fins; inscribed straight lines perpendicular to one another on one face; opaque creamy gray-green with green and black inclusions. (One light crack runs from the perimeter to the hole.)

Historical period(s)
Shang dynasty, ca. 1600-ca. 1050 BCE
Medium
Jade (serpentine)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 33.3 × 0.8 cm (13 1/8 × 5/16 in) Diam (hole): 11.4 cm (4 1/2 in)
Geography
China, probably Henan province
Credit Line
Purchase — funds provided by Charles Lang Freer Endowment, Lois S. Raphling, and the Sylvia and Alexander Hassan Family Foundation
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F2017.5a-c
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: disk, notched

Keywords
China, serpentine, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)
Provenance

1934-1952
David David-Weill (1871-1952), Paris, France purchased in 1934 [1]

1952-2015
Descendants of David David-Weill by inheritance [2]

2015
Sale, Sotheby's, Paris, Trésors de la Chine ancienne de la collection David David-Weill, December 16, 2015, lot 24 [3]

2015-2017
Eskenazi Ltd., London, United Kingdom, purchased at the 2015 Sotheby's, London sale [4]

From 2017
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Eskenazi Ltd., London, United Kingdom [5]

Notes:

[1] David David-Weill's collection number—D.W. 34/115—remains on the side of the object. This was the 115th object David David-Weill acquired in 1934. He likely purchased this notched disk through "the Karlbeck Syndicate," a network of museums and private collectors organized by Ovar Karlbeck, which he joined in 1939. David-Weill had the object in his collection at the time of his death in 1952. His family sold his collection in a series of auctions, beginning in 1959.

David David-Weill was a Jewish, American-born French banker and chairman of Lazard Frères, his family's bank headquartered in Paris. He was president of the council of French National Museums from 1925 to 1939 and the vice president of the Friends of the Louvre until 1938. David-Weill was a life-long, prolific collector, acquiring a broad range of objects including French 18th-century art, ancient Chinese bronzes, jades, and silvers, and European cloisonné. During World War 2, Nazis plundered his collection and seized over 2000 objects, most of which were restituted after the War. The parts of David-Weill's collection that were not seized by Nazis were hidden and protected. It is unclear if this object was ever in Nazi possession. If it was, it was returned to David-Weill after the war, as this object was in his family's possession through 2015.

[2] See note 3.

[3] Sale, Sotheby's, Paris, Trésors de la Chine ancienne de la collection David David-Weill, December 16, 2015, lot 24 (illustrated).

[4] See Eskenazi Ltd. documentation, copy in object file.

[5] See note 4 and receipt from Eskenazi to Freer Gallery of Art, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

David-Weill Family
David David-Weill 1871-1952
Eskenazi Ltd. Founded 1923

Description

Disk marked by three sweeping arcs with a coordinated pattern of serrated fins; inscribed straight lines perpendicular to one another on one face; opaque creamy gray-green with green and black inclusions. (One light crack runs from the perimeter to the hole.)

Published References
  • Georges Salles. Arts de La Chine Ancienne. Exh. cat. Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris, 1934. 89, Pl. XII.22.
  • Daisy Lion-Goldschmidt, Jean-Claude Moreau-Gobard. Chinese Art: Bronze, Jade, Sculpture, Ceramics. The Universe Library of Antique Art 4 vols., , 1st edition. London and New York. 61, 142.
  • J. Keith Wilson, Jingmin Zhang. Jades for Life and Death. .
  • Trésors de la Chine ancienne de la collection David David-Weill. Sotheby's, Paris, December 16, 2015. lot 24.
  • Michel Beurdeley. L'amateur chinois des Han au XXe siecle. Aspects de l'art Fribourg. Plate 1.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Related Objects